The Italian government is tackling the problem of demographic decline head-on. Faced with the fall in the birth rate, it will introduce a monthly premium of 250 euros per dependent child from July 2021.
A birth rate
It is an extraordinary bonus that the Italian government will put in place, from July 2021, to encourage Italians to procreate. Faced with the sharp drop in the birth rate with the health crisis, Italian Prime Minister Mario Draghi wished to strengthen the country’s family policy and establish this universal check. This monthly premium of 250 euros per dependent child will be received by the parents from the seventh month of pregnancy until the child is 18 years old. From three children, this assistance will be increased. In this case, it will be extended between the child’s 18 and 21 years of age, but the financial assistance will be slightly less.
This completely new type of bonus aims to boost the birth rate, while the Italian population is declining in 2020. Indeed, with a fertility rate of 1.29 children per woman, the number of births in Italy was 400,000 in 2020 against 750,000 deaths. By way of comparison, the French index, already low, is 1.84 children per woman.
The problem of Italian pensioners
If the birth rate is falling in Italy and throughout Europe, this poses the problem of retirement. In Italy, if the population is decreasing, it is also aging and there are fewer and fewer young people and working people to finance the pensions of this ageing population.
Asked by France Info, Gilles Pison, researcher associated with INED believes that the decline in the birth rate in Italy has not only a financial origin but also an organizational origin. ” This is not so much linked to the importance in itself of financial aid, but rather to the difficulty for women to reconcile work and this filiation. »He explains.