Tile is an extremely popular type of flooring in kitchens, bathrooms, basements. Some even put it in the living room. No wonder, currently there are some very beautiful, sturdy and easy to maintain ones. In the past, we necessarily used a professional tiler, but nowadays techniques and materials have evolved, it becomes possible to lay the tiles yourself. Do you feel like a handyman? Sure, it might be easier to paint a wall yourself, but all the same, tiling can be considered even when you’re not a professional. Here are the 5 typical mistakes and how to avoid them.
1 – The choice of tiling
Tiles are available in a wide variety of sizes, colors, shapes and qualities.
Of course, your tastes are bound to play a decisive role in the choice you make, but the functionality of your room will also be an important factor. Not all tiles are suitable for all rooms and not all have the same constraints. It depends on the intended use. Will tile tiles be trodden often? If it is for the floor of a room, the tiles will be less “used”. If it’s for outdoors, should the tile material be frost resistant?
Once you’ve made your choice of tile, be sure to purchase the right amount. In general, it is customary to purchase 10 percent more than the calculated area. This surplus is necessary to compensate and replace tiles damaged during cutting or laying.
In short, opt for a good quality tile, it will save you inconvenience. Likewise, choose an effective glue with which you are sure to have a good result.
2 – Preparing the ground before laying
Before you can lay tiles, your (basement) floor must be checked. Is the surface even, does it have the capacity to support the intended tiling? If your substrate has irregularities – larger than a few millimeters, it should be smoothed out. Likewise, holes and other cracks must first be filled. Also consider the issue of the insulating underlay. Also consider the issue of moisture absorption. In short, if your backing is not prepared properly, your tile may have little or no adhesion. You do not want cracks or poorly glued tiles, so take great care of the substrate on which you are going to lay your tiles. In the event that it is a concrete screed, wait until it is dry, it easily takes several weeks.
3 – The arrangement of the tiling
Another step before laying your tiles is to plan their layout. This is very important because a uniform and successful image can only be created if the tiling tiles are arranged symmetrically. If you are installing your tile on the wall, first determine the center and then follow a vertical line. This line can correspond to a joint, or be the first vertical row positioned exactly in the middle. When cutting some tiles with a grinder, be very precise. This is not the easiest step. In the end, do not rush into laying your tiles, take the time to think about how you are going to lay them out. Ideally, carry out a layout, that is to say the drawing of the laying plan of your tiling tiles. This step will allow you to anticipate the cuts but also to better visualize what the final result could be. And then the fact of not rushing will allow you to avoid a common mistake: not laying your tiles in the right direction.
4 – Tiling
Laying the tiles is basically quite easy. First, apply the glue to the surface to be tiled. You can make two layers so that the whole is uniform and evenly distributed. Use a trowel. Then, press your tiling tiles: there must not be a gap between the two elements. This is why you can lay your tiles by hammering it gently, why not with a rubber mallet. The braces are necessary, they ensure that the joints are all uniform and allow to leave regular gaps between the tiles. When gluing a new tile, place it against the previous one and push it lightly into the correct position with jerky movements. Squeeze lightly. Only a small amount of glue should collect in the gap.
5 – The installation of the joints of your tiling
Once you have laid all your tiling tiles and the glue has set, you can start laying the joints. To do this, fill your interstices with the paste: apply it diagonally to the tiled surface with a rubber squeegee. Then remove the excess material with a damp sponge. Unlike the joints between tile tiles, joints between the wall and the floor, in the corners of your room or between, for example, sanitary objects and fittings, must be sealed with a special sealant. In this case, you can use a joint gun. In the end, if you had planned to do without joints, know that this is really not a good idea. Because in the absence of joints, the temperature variation can “move” your tiles. For safety reasons, you therefore need gaskets, this is not only aesthetic. In addition, they ensure the waterproofing of your tiles.