For the past few days, your dog has been scratching frantically: he has fleas. This parasite is common but also very unpleasant. If you don’t overcome it, your dog’s well-being will be impacted. Indeed, in addition to being annoying, itching can be the cause of skin lesions. How to treat dog fleas? Here are 12 methods including natural and effective solutions.
1. Anti-flea shampoos
Flea shampoo is one of the most widely used treatments to get rid of fleas in dogs. The principle is very simple, you have to bathe your dog and use the treatment. Very effective, the anti-flea shampoo acts as well on the eggs as on the fleas. One application is enough to kill all the parasites and provide relief to your pet.
Vigilance is essential with shampoos because they can contain irritating substances. It is therefore highly recommended not to use the treatment on your dog’s head. Also remember to rinse it well! How do you choose the right flea shampoo? You just have to go to the pharmacy or the vet.
2. Anti-flea sprays
Flea sprays are a very effective treatment that can last for a month. Whether it is for preventive or curative purposes, it is wise to renew the application every month to ensure optimal protection for your dog. The formulas that make up flea sprays may or may not be natural. It’s up to you to choose products that meet your needs and expectations. It should be noted that if you have dogs and cats, you can opt for fipronil spray.
Applying flea spray can be difficult, but not impossible. The number of sprays depends on your pet’s weight. The bigger the dog, the more sprays are needed. This anti-flea solution is therefore more suitable for dogs of small sizes. In all cases, read the instructions for use carefully.
3. Anti-flea pipettes
Efficient and above all very practical, pipettes are an attractive anti-flea treatment. One application is enough to protect your animal for a month. Another major advantage, the pipettes act on several parasites. In addition to fleas, they treat ticks and sometimes even worms. Once you have applied the treatment, your pet should not be bathed for 48 hours. Remember that the treatment is to be applied to the neck, to the skin and not to the hair. The contents of the pipettes may have an annoying odor, but this solution is ideal if your canine does not give in to it.
4. Anti-flea collars
The flea collar is arguably one of the oldest treatments. Although it is not very aesthetic, it is effective for several months. It acts on fleas but also on ticks, sandflies (biting midges) and mosquitoes in dogs. The operation is very simple: the collars are impregnated with anti-flea substances which are diffused over the long term. Warning ! For the collar to be effective, it must be in contact with the skin, which is not always easy. In addition, some dogs do not support collars. Be sure to take a collar that is the right size and not over tighten it.
5. Anti-flea tablets
Flea tablets are a very easy treatment to give to dogs. You just have to mix it with your food. Anti-flea tablets are only available on prescription. Why ? Well, because the dosage is very precise. If it is not respected, it can be dangerous. For the same reasons, it is forbidden to give tablets for dogs to cats. There are several types of flea tablets:
- immediate-acting flea tablets, which treat but do not protect,
- anti-flea tablets with long-lasting action, which eliminate all the fleas from your pet in 2 hours and then protect it for 1 month,
- anti-flea and anti-tick tablets that work for 1 to 3 months.
The tablet is the preferred treatment if you have young children at home. As no substance is deposited on the animal, children cannot be in contact with products potentially harmful to them.
Vinegar is the first natural flea control in this selection. It is possible to use white vinegar but also apple vinegar. You just need to mix 250 ml of vinegar with the same volume of water. It is then used as a lotion. Be careful, contact with the eyes can be very unpleasant. Vinegar helps fight fleas naturally. It is a curative and preventive treatment. In addition, thanks to it, your dog’s coat will be healthy and shiny. The smell is the big weak point of this natural solution.
7. Essential oils
Another natural solution, essential oils have a very effective action against fleas. It is possible to use essential oils of lavender, cedar, eucalyptus, thyme, rosemary and mint. Essential oils cannot be used alone, they must be diluted in almond oil or in water. Each application should not exceed 5 drops. As with many treatments, contact with the eyes and nose should be avoided. Essential oils cannot be used on cats. They are even extremely toxic to cats.
It is possible to use essential oils of mint but also fresh mint. This solution can be interesting if you have lots of mint in your garden. To benefit from the natural anti-flea action of mint, it is necessary to infuse the leaves in water and then apply the mixture to the dog’s hair using a spray bottle. It is also possible to give a bath of mint leaves. Mint is an excellent repellant, but it is not the most effective treatment. It is safe for the dog. In the same spirit, it is possible to use eucalyptus leaves.
9. Citrus fruits
Citrus fruits are great for your health and can be used in 1001 ways. They are also an excellent natural flea control. Unlike vinegar or garlic, this solution smells good. Using citrus fruits is very simple, just squeeze a lemon (lime or yellow), an orange or a grapefruit and rub your dog. It is also possible to prepare a lotion by squeezing a citrus fruit and then adding 600 ml of water. This lotion is sprayed directly on the dog’s hair. You can also use it on household fabrics to treat the presence of parasites. Finally, as you can do with mint leaves, it is possible to put citrus slices in the dog’s bath. Once again, we avoid contact with the eyes!
10. Brewer’s yeast
Like the anti-flea tablet, brewer’s yeast is an anti-flea that is taken by mouth. Safe for the dog, just crush the tablets in the animal’s food. In addition to treating fleas, brewer’s yeast is great for your dog’s health. It also acts on internal parasites. For greater efficiency, it is possible to rub your dog’s hair with brewer’s yeast and 48 hours later, to brush to remove dead fleas.
Garlic is an excellent flea control but also a toxic food. It is therefore not recommended to add it to your dog’s food. Garlic is a solution that is used externally. Crush a pod then rub your pet’s coat with it. The smell is very unpleasant but it acts as a repellent.
12. The comb
To get rid of fleas without using chemicals or odors, the comb is a very effective alternative. Of course, it is difficult to use on all dogs. If the latter have long hairs, the comb is not recommended. On the other hand, on short-haired dogs, it is very interesting because it also allows you to take care of the coat.