Diarrhea is a very common intestinal problem in dogs. Indeed, every dog owner has found himself at least once in the unpleasant situation of having to manage the liquid stools of his four-legged companion. While this incident may cause laughter or disgust, it should be taken seriously and the condition of the dog that is affected by it checked, as diarrhea can be more of a problem than it seems.
Symptoms of diarrhea in dogs or puppies
Diarrhea is an intestinal disorder which, in its most common form, transforms an animal’s stool, which should be hard and moldy, into a liquid, even pasty clump. In addition, the sufferer of diarrhea will have a much more frequent urge to defecate than usual.
There are, however, other symptoms, which, if present, can herald more serious complications than a simple digestive disturbance. Thus, diarrhea may be accompanied by the following symptoms:
- pain during defecation,
- gurgling from the stomach,
- frequent and very smelly gas,
- presence of blood, mucus or undigested food in the stool,
- pain in the anus, causing the dog to squat down as if he needed to defecate without having to pass anything.
Whether the dog has additional symptoms or not, diarrhea will severely dehydrate him. It will be necessary to ensure that he has fresh water and at will so that his health does not deteriorate further.
Causes of diarrhea in dogs or puppies
In fact, there are two types of diarrhea that are differentiated according to the duration of the digestive disorder. Thus, we will speak of acute diarrhea when it has been present in animals for less than two weeks. It could be caused by:
- an obstruction of the anus, caused by an intestinal tumor or a cyst,
- a health problem such as kidney failure or Addison’s disease,
- a viral infection such as parvovirus,
- hemorrhagic gastroenteritis,
- parasitic infection such as worms
- the consumption of an expired food,
- a food allergy or intolerance,
- too much food eaten,
- a sudden change in diet, without going through a dietary transition.
When the diarrhea lasts for three weeks or more, it is called chronic diarrhea, caused by:
- bacterial or fungal infection
- inflammatory bowel disease
- pancreatic insufficiency,
- infection with intestinal parasites,
- abnormal distension of the vessels in the intestinal wall,
- an obstruction of the digestive tract,
- food intolerance or allergy.
How to treat diarrhea in your dog or puppy?
If the dog is less than six months old or if, on the contrary, he has reached an advanced age, if the disease lasts too long or if the dog presents too much pain, it is imperative to consult a veterinarian who will prescribe a drug treatment or an operation in the most serious cases.
For the less affected dogs, a simple diet ranging from 12 to 24 hours will suffice to regulate digestion. Then feed the dog with very digestible food. The best will remain to give him a food ration based on zucchini and rice cooked for a long time, accompanied by cooked chicken (by putting more meat than the rest, the dog remains a mainly carnivorous animal.) After a few days of this diet. , your four-legged friend’s digestive system should function properly again.
While we have seen in this article that many serious illnesses can cause diarrhea, whether acute or chronic, do not panic at the slightest loose stool. In the vast majority of cases, it is only a simple digestive disorder of food or parasitic origin, which is very easily treated.