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Papyrus: planting, maintenance, watering and repotting

Papyrus: planting, maintenance, watering and repotting

The Papyrus (Cyperus papyrus) is a pretty plant from the Cyperaceae very popular for its beautiful umbels made up of large leaves arranged in stars. We can without no difficulty grow a Papyrus or Cyperus indoors where it brings graphic note which does not go unnoticed. It is however a swamp plant who therefore likes the outdoors under certain conditions, and who absolutely needs a humid environment. Let’s take stock of its plantation, its low maintenance needs apart from watering which must be particularly adapted and see when and how to repot a Papyrus.

Plant a Papyrus

The potted planting of a papyrus or Cyperus takes place preferably in spring, as follows:

  • Fill in a pierced bottom pot with a mixture of 50% garden soil and 50% leaf mold, a substrate that stays well moist.
  • Plant the Papyrus in this substrate.
  • Place the pot in a flowerpot.
  • Pour water into the flowerpot to about 30% of its height so that the base of the other container is submerged.

Position the potted Papyrus in a very bright room, avoiding direct sunlight through a window as this can burn the leaves.

Note that we can plant a papyrus in the garden provided that one lives in a region with mild winters because this plant does not have a very great hardiness: a frost at -5 ° C is risky if it is episodic, and becomes ultra problematic when it is renewed for several days right now.

It is therefore better to grow the Papyrus in a pot wherever frost is rife in winter so that it can be brought in as soon as necessary. It can of course be grown in the ground at the edge of a pond or a pond, for example in the southernmost regions where it never freezes. It can be combined with water lilies, rushes, irises, for a spectacular effect.

Caring for a Papyrus or Cyperus

Papyrus is a plant semi-aquatic very easy going which is therefore suitable for all gardeners, even beginners. You just have to ensure that the Papyrus has a sufficient temperature because if it is cold, its leaves are turning yellow. It is a symptom that is also found when there is a lack of light or when the water supply is insufficient.


A contribution ofliquid fertilizer for indoor plants is required every ten days during the growing season.


It is perfectly no need to carve a papyrus. On the other hand, the dried out or damaged leaves are to be removed as and when. This helps preserve the beauty of the plant and promotes the development of new leaves.


The potted papyrus likes to spend the beautiful season outdoors where it can enjoy a beautiful sunshine. He also likes to be installed in partial shade. The important thing is that he has always feet in the water. It is taken out as soon as the risk of frost is no longer to be feared, ie at the end of May or beginning of June. Be careful, however, to think of bring it in before the first fall frost which unfortunately can be fatal.

In winter, the potted Papyrus is satisfied with a bright room, even unheated. In this case, the temperature maintained between 10 and 15 ° C suits him perfectly. You just have to think about reducing watering without drying it out. Its substrate must always remain well moist.

Parasites and diseases

The Papyrus is not attacked by any particular parasite (apart from a few red spiders possibly in very hot and dry weather) and is not really afraid of diseases. Finally, as long as it is in the water, the Papyrus thrives without a problem.

Water a Papyrus

It is absolutely essential to keep a Cyperus in full health, to meet their constant water needs. So no need to worry if its roots are bathing since this is precisely the condition sine qua non to keep alive this plant native to swampy areas. Grown in pots, the Papyrus must be able to benefit from the same conditions as if it were planted on a bank or in a water garden.

We therefore take care to put our pot in a larger container in which there must always be water. It must be replaced very regularly so that it does not languish. In parallel, a foliage misting is essential. It can be sprayed once a week in winter and more frequently in summer.

Repot your Papyrus

It is absolutely necessary to repot a Papyrus every two years, in spring, in order to install it in a larger tank than the previous one because it produces very many roots. If it grows particularly fast and the clump grows quickly, repotting may even take place. every year. When the foot takes on a lot of importance, do not hesitate to multiply your Papyrus by simply dividing the stump when repotting.

This perennial plant of tropical origin comes in several hundred species. One of the best known with Cyperus papyrus is the Alternate Leaf Nut (Cyperus alternifolius). All Papyrus or Cyperus have the same needs, namely light, a sufficiently warm temperature, the feet always in the water and protection against frost. It is therefore almost impossible to see a papyrus perish if we respect these few cultivation conditions.

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