Planting raspberries requires care and should be done at a specific time. But it is not always possible to plant them as soon as they are purchased. In this case, it is essential to put them in gauge so that they wait. Let’s see when is the best time to plant raspberries, how to gauge them and what is the method to follow to plant them when the time comes.
Planting your raspberries: when is the best time?
The raspberry planting period begins in October and continues until April, but we must however avoid periods of frost, torrential rains that soak the ground and extremely windy days. As this shrub is generally sold in bare roots, it must be able to be planted from the moment of purchase. However, if this is not possible, it is strongly recommended to allow it to wait in the best possible conditions for it to be placed in the ground. To do this, we put it in gauge.
What is the gauging of a raspberry tree?
The gauging of a bare root shrub like the raspberry tree, each plant can wait without risk of withering until it is installed in the ground. This method is essential for choosing the best time to plant if it cannot be done immediately after delivery. It is also just as necessary for shrubs sold in clods. In this way, the roots of raspberries will be protected against frost and the risk of drying out because this is fatal to them.
Thanks to its gauging, the raspberry tree does not undergo any stress and will restart without difficulty in the spring. To develop this gauge, we proceed as follows:
- Choose an area of the garden facing north, shaded, and well sheltered from the wind by a low wall for example,
- Dig a trench the depth of which is the same as that of the roots of raspberries,
- Place sand or very light earth in the pit,
- It is essential to untie the boots,
- Install the plants making sure to leave them tilted, and if possible very close to each other,
- Place a loose soil on the roots and up to the neck, making sure that the soil seeps well between the roots,
- Pack the soil,
- Water only if the soil is very dry.
Young shrub plants can wait in their gauge for several weeks, but certainly not for several seasons. The purpose of gauging is to momentarily protect. They must not be able to take root there as this would lead to their uprooting in the spring and, consequently, a stress which could jeopardize their recovery or at least delay it considerably.
As soon as the weather conditions will be more favorable, it will be necessary to take them out of their gauge in order to plant them in the ground, preferably before the vegetation starts again, which is approximately between February 20 and March 8.
Planting raspberries: method to follow
Before planting a raspberry tree, you should know that this sucker fruit shrub love them shaded exhibitions as well as light soils rich in humus. He can however be satisfied with a very common garden soil.
To plant raspberries in the rules of the art, whether on the edge or in a hedge, the method applied by experienced gardeners is as follows.
- Dig holes 45 to 50 cm wide and high.
- Respect a distance of 80 cm between plants to leave enough space for each shrub to develop.
- Remove stones, weeds and roots so that the holes are clean.
- Place at the bottom of the roasted horn, about 50 to 60 g for each plant, mixed with a little soil.
- Add soil, planting mix and a shovelful of vermicompost or manure as well as the equivalent of a bowl of fertilizer for root recovery.
- Mix this substrate well.
- Prepare each raspberry plant by cutting off the end of their roots to cool them.
- Position each raspberry tree in its hole, ensuring that it is not too buried. The collar must be located just at ground level.
- Fill the hole with soil enriched with potting soil.
- Firmly pack the soil around the raspberry feet.
- Form a watering basin.
- Water copiously from planting by distributing to each raspberry tree the equivalent of a good sprinkling can of water, ie about fifteen liters.
- Prune the twigs so as to shorten them by a maximum of twenty centimeters.
It will take two years before you can taste your first raspberries, except for the repeat varieties, which start to bear fruit in the fall following planting. If you want to harvest raspberries from June and almost until frost, the good idea is to plant different varieties of raspberries, lifting and non-lifting. It will then be necessary to take care of their most vigorous canes and to carry out a suitable size in order to eliminate the dead branches.