To feed a pony well, you have to take into account its size and activity level. The diet is very similar to that of the horse. To meet the needs of the pony, it is necessary to give it grass, fodder, some fruits and vegetables, water and sometimes supplements. What is the best diet for the pony? Here are some answers.
Discover or rediscover the pony
The pony is a small horse, it is also called a dwarf horse in Louisiana. Domestic and rustic, the pony measures less than 1.49 m at the withers. Its weight is between 150 kg and more than 400 kg. There are about forty breeds present all over the world. A pony is therefore a small horse. It has a broad body and short legs. His mane is thick, it finds its place on the short and thick head of the little horse. Even if it finds its origins with wild horses, the pony is a domestic animal. His life expectancy is 30 years.
The nutritional needs of the pony
The pony is herbivorous, it has very specific needs which depend on its activity, its size and its age. The main need is water. Both the pony and the horse must have clean water at their disposal. It is essential to offer water at room temperature. This small horse consumes between 25 and 35 liters of water per day. This consumption increases with activity but also if the outside temperature is high.
As for food, the horse’s meals must cover its daily needs. Here are some benchmarks.
- A pony with a low activity level needs 6 kg of feed.
- A pony with a moderate activity level needs 7 kg of feed.
- A pony with a sustained activity level needs 7.5 kg of feed.
Food should contain starch. It is found in oats and barley. It also takes a sufficient amount of fat provided by oil seeds and certain oils such as soybean oil, flaxseed and rapeseed. Finally, food must contain fiber which is mostly provided by hay. The pony’s diet must also be rich in proteins, vitamins (A, B1, B2, PP, B5, B6, B9, B12, D, E and K) and minerals such as calcium, magnesium, phosphorus and sodium.
What does the pony’s diet consist of?
The pony’s diet includes hay, straw and grass. This feed share represents between 50% and 70%. If your pet is in a meadow, grass will be a big part of their diet. You will need to make sure it is of quality. The more active the pony, the more the hay share decreases. It is supplemented by granules. These contain the fat and part of the starch. The formulas marketed are perfectly balanced and meet the needs of animals.
To supplement his diet and provide him with all the vitamins he needs, you can give your pony fruits and vegetables. His favorite things are carrots and apples. But you can give him pears, bananas, and even celery.
Beware of colic
Ponies and horses should not be fed on the ground, especially if it is covered with sand or earth. Indeed, equines can suffer from “sand colic”. This pathology particularly affects ponies who are very gluttonous. Place the pellets and hay in a feeder. If you find that your animal mages too quickly, you can add salt stones. To reduce the risk of colic and ensure your pony’s digestive well-being, avoid exercising right after a meal.
Feeding the pony
Depending on the breed, the pony reaches sexual maturity between 2 and 5 years old. The mating season, according to the races. The mating season usually takes place in the spring. It is during this period that mating, in other words mating, takes place. Gestation lasts about 11 months.
During gestation, and all the time of breastfeeding, the pony has specific needs. Its diet must be enriched with vitamins and minerals. Specific formulas exist. It is also imperative to ensure that the pony has fresh water available because she can drink up to 40 liters of water per day.