Primary kitten vaccination: which vaccines? How old ?

Have you just fallen for an adorable kitten? He is only two or three months old and needs his first vaccines to be safe from the most common and dangerous diseases in cats. What is the kitten’s vaccination schedule? We will explain everything to you !

The primary cat vaccination in brief

Primary vaccination refers to the first successive injections of a vaccine, so as to obtain effective coverage against a disease. So there is a first injection, followed by another about a month later.

Once this protection has been acquired, an annual booster should be provided every year to prolong the effect of the vaccine. If the primary vaccination usually takes place on young cats, two or three months old, it can also be done in adult cats who have never been vaccinated or have not received their booster regularly.

Namely that the primary vaccination visits allow the veterinarian to check the general state of health of your kitten, to identify it electronically and to administer its antiparasitic treatments. On this occasion, the owner of the animal receives his kitten’s health record, as well as his passport if necessary.

What vaccines does the kitten receive?

The primary vaccination includes, in France, three essential vaccines. Even if some are not vital for a kitten living in an apartment and having no access to the outside, the precautionary principle implies that the three cat vaccines are systematically operated:

  • Cat colds, also called feline flu, is a very contagious and resistant disease in the environment, if the vaccine does not always prevent it, it very strongly attenuates its manifestations and allows the kitten and the cat not to develop a serious form
  • Cat typhus, also called feline panleukopenia, is extremely contagious and attacks the cat’s immune system, not all kittens survive infection and vaccination is essential
  • Feline leukemia, also known as feline leukemia or FeLV, is a viral disease affecting many kittens, it is spread easily and not all cats are symptomatic, which makes the vaccine all the more important.

The veterinarian can, in addition, offer you the vaccine against rabies, either because you live in a French region at risk, or because you have planned to travel abroad with your cat, to a country where the anti-rabies vaccine is compulsory to enter the territory.

Finally, if the kitten has many congeners or must go out regularly, in particular by being accommodated in boarding or by participating in feline competitions, it is recommended to also vaccinate it against:

  • Feline infectious peritonitis or PIF, which is usually fatal if it occurs without a vaccine
  • Chlamydia, which is a bacteria that causes respiratory and eye problems, although it is treated relatively well, the vaccine prevents the disease

At what age should the kitten be vaccinated for the first time?

From birth, the kitten benefits from its mother’s antibodies and is therefore immune to most diseases. These will decrease between its first 8 and 12 weeks of life. It is therefore preferably at 8 weeks that he receives his primary vaccination and at 12 weeks that he receives his booster.

In any case, the first injection of vaccines must be made before his 12 weeks, to protect him from diseases that he could develop from an early age. A kitten taken from a breeder should always have received at least its first injection.