It is difficult to know that a pig is sick because the disorder does not always manifest itself in a conspicuous and clearly identifiable way. Symptoms often appear too late. This is why, while keeping yourself from any excess, it is important to take into account the slightest change in your pet’s habit or attitude. To help you, here is a list of 6 signs that a pig is sick.
1 – Your pig’s breathing is abnormal
A pig is susceptible to respiratory infections. If it is affected, the symptoms that you will be able to observe are quite obvious: difficulty in breathing, noisy breathing reflecting the congestion of the respiratory tract, recurrent cough, in particular during efforts, nosebleeds …
Take your animal to the veterinarian who is the only one able to make an accurate diagnosis. If your pig is indeed sick, administering antibiotics will resolve the problem quickly.
Symptoms of this type may appear in the event of dry air or the presence of particularly aggressive dust. The pig’s respiratory tract is then simply irritated. But it is important to treat this discomfort of the pig to prevent it from developing in a negative way.
The vaccination helps to protect pigs from atrophic rhinitis which are the cause of more or less severe irreversible lesions of the nasal turbinates and the osseous structure of the groin. These lesions then promote the onset of lung disease because the air is no longer filtered, warmed and humidified properly.
2 – the skin of your pig changes appearance
There is a disease specific to miniature pigs: it is erythema multiforme. It is impossible to miss it because its manifestations are spectacular. Oval-shaped, oozing or even bloody patches appear on the pig’s body. Rest assured, it is not fatal. If it goes away spontaneously, it can then reappear chronically.
This pig skin problem is favored, if not triggered (but there are still unanswered questions as to the cause of this disease), by excessive exposure to the sun. Stress can also promote this kind of skin problem. Normally, the pig protects itself from the sun’s rays by covering itself in mud. If your pig is too prone to sunburn, you can help it by applying SPF 50 sunscreen. If your pig has black skin, know that it can still get sunburned, even if it does. ‘is less evident than in pigs with pink skin. In sunny weather, the pig must have access to a muddy area but also to a shaded area.
If your pig’s skin turns red, its hair is losing its shine, coarse dandruff appears, and it is scratching a lot, it could be scabies. It is not dangerous for your pig but it is imperative to treat it, on the one hand so that it stops scratching, which can, in the long run, cause lesions that risk becoming infected, but also because that it is a disease that is transmitted to humans and that you may suffer from it. If the diagnosis is made, the veterinarian will perform two injections spaced 15 days apart of an antiparasitic. After 3-4 days, the itching subsides.
3 – The pig has lost its appetite
A healthy pig looks happy and eats well. Also, if your pig is not interested in food, it is because it is sick. Again, loss of appetite is a sign that can have several causes. A vitamin D deficiency can quite lead to a lack of appetite. Sudden changes in diet are often negatively experienced, as the pig may refuse new foods.
A pig’s appetite is stimulated as one could for a human: a too monotonous diet leads to weariness and loss of appetite. Each pig has its own favorite tastes and foods, but to maintain interest in the food it is important to vary the flavors offered.
A worm infestation can also cause loss of appetite, as well as a number of infectious diseases.
Do not try to play the guessing game: if your pig has lost its appetite, do not waste time and take the pig for consultation so that he quickly receives appropriate treatment.
4 – The pig loses weight
The pig can lose weight while maintaining its appetite. The presence of worms is therefore to be strongly suspected. Being quite sensitive to parasites, it is recommended that you give your pig an antiparasitic treatment every 6 weeks.
5 – The pig does not have a normal temperature
The pig’s anal temperature is 38.4 ° C. When you wake up, it can be lower and drop to 36 ° C without this being abnormal. Below is hypothermia: place your pig warm, wrapped in a blanket or in contact with a hot water bottle, and contact the veterinarian.
In contrast, infections can cause a pig’s body temperature to rise, as well as hot weather. The animal does not have sweat glands and therefore does not sweat like humans do to regulate body temperature. The pig has the reflex to cover itself in mud and to stay cool for the effects of the heat. But do not hesitate to help him by showering him. Under these circumstances, watch it carefully
6 – the pig does not behave as usual
You can observe:
- that the coordination of the pig’s movements is not smooth, that its gait is uncertain,
- show a weakness in one or more limbs,
- that he suffers from muscle tremors,
- that his state is listless,
- let him salivate excessively,
The list is not exhaustive but react quickly and contact the veterinarian: the death of your pig can unfortunately quickly occur.
Disorders without particular signs
As we told you in the introduction, it is quite easy to miss a health problem because the pig does not always show obvious signs of illness.
Common problems that are difficult to spot include urinary tract infections and stones. You need to know your pig well and watch the way it urinates to be able to tell yourself that something is wrong.
The stomach ulcers are another category of common and difficult to identify disorders. Most are caused by an inappropriate diet low in fiber. Parasites can also cause them, as can anorexia that lasts more than 24 hours.
The pig does not show any particular signs, even when the ulcer has degenerated into internal bleeding. At this point, the faeces have usually turned black. But, alas, it happens quite frequently that the pig ends up dying, in a way considered brutal since no one saw anything coming and no warning sign alerted the owners.
Feeding your pig with quality food and a balanced composition can largely prevent this type of disorder. The presence of vegetables and grass in the diet is essential. It will also facilitate elimination as pigs are also easily prone to constipation.