Perfect when you only want to cultivate the essentials because you lack space, the vegetable patch finds its place in any outdoor space. You can thus harvest your own products from the garden while bringing a decorative touch to your little corner of nature. Let’s see what place to reserve for your vegetable patch and which plants are particularly suitable for this type of cultivation.
What is a vegetable patch?
The vegetable patch is a kind of wooden structure, a large container intended for raised cultivation, which is ideal for not having to bend down when sowing, thinning or harvesting. It is very important to opt for wood which has not been treated with chemicals but must nevertheless be able to resist drought, frost and humidity. The raw larch lends itself very well to this. We can also afford a vegetable garden on anti-UV treated polypropylene feet.
Different models are marketed by garden centers, DIY stores, supermarkets and a number of specialized online sites. Some squares are equipped with a shelf that can accommodate gardening accessories, and are sold with a clip-on protective cover. They are therefore transformed into a mini greenhouse.
How to install a homemade vegetable patch?
For the sake of economy or simply to have fun, do-it-yourselfers, even without particular experience, can create their own vegetable patch with wood recovery, brick, of the Pierre or some metal plates, Everyone to his own tastes.
However, you have to think about:
- Create some feet with posts for more comfort when gardening,
- Drill the bottom for a good drainage, or make it with thick boards, taking care to keep a space between each of them,
- Consolidate the background with battens because it will have to support the weight of the vegetables and the earth, the latter being even heavier when it is wet,
- If necessary, delimit the planting zones by a grid made from simple cleats of wood, also not chemically treated.
It may be useful to carry out a sketch of its vegetable patch so as not to make any design errors.
Where to install a vegetable patch?
The vegetable patch can be set up anywhere, in a court or one patio, on the terrace where the balcony… in city like at countryside. It is also an ideal solution for cultivating in garden when the soil is ungrateful and hardly lends itself to the cultivation of vegetable plants.
It can be on feet or placed on the ground, but the first solution is more and more popular because it allows the gardener to stoop as little as possible. So it’s a matter of preference.
However, if you opt for a vegetable patch without feet to install on grass or bare earth, it is recommended to put a large cardboard box on the ground so that the grass no longer grows. This limits weeding and the cardboard will degrade over time, which will enrich the soil with cellulose.
To allow plants to develop well and produce abundantly, it is of course essential to respect the other following points:
- Choose a sunny exposure or, at least partially shaded, knowing that most vegetables and aromatic herbs need sunlight.
- Cover the bottom and the uprights with a very good quality geotextile film that it is necessary to fix with large staples for example. This is crucial so that the earth does not sink over time.
- Opt for a loose substrate which promotes rooting and sufficient humus, which is even more important in a standing vegetable patch. A mixture consisting of a third of peat, a third of vermiculite and a third of potting soil for vegetable plants does the trick.
- Ensure that a good drainage to allow irrigation water and rainwater to drain perfectly because it is necessary to avoid excess moisture at the roots of the plants.
During the days preceding the first sowing and / or planting, it is necessary to water the substrate several times and copiously so that it is quite humid when installing the seeds and plants.
Once the plantings are done, do not hesitate to install a mulch, as we do in the vegetable garden. This helps limit the development of unwanted weeds. Mulch is also useful in keeping the substrate cool. It is an excellent protection against the cold, the heat, the driving rains, the wind, and by decomposing, it brings nutrients to the substrate.
About the watering the vegetable patch, they should be done before the substrate is completely dry and more frequently than the vegetable garden because, as is the case with potted plants, the soil dries faster and also heats up much faster in models on feet. But as we can do in the vegetable patch or the pleasure garden, to alleviate the problems related to the drought we install a system ofdrip irrigation. A simple perforated pipe is sufficient.
What plants to cultivate in a vegetable patch?
Ideally, the vegetable patch accommodates plants allowing a quick harvest, that is, within a fairly short period of time after sowing or planting. This frees up space for further sowing. Thus, in a small space, the gardener can benefit from his harvests throughout the year, the main advantage of the vegetable patch being to allow a space optimization, and in spite of the small surface of culture, a family must be able to draw there a good part of its food needs.
It is therefore essential to select fast growing vegetables and which take up little space because this garden must be as productive as possible. For example, a rhubarb plant has nothing to do with it because on its own it can fill an entire vegetable patch!
here are the vegetables, the aromatic plants and the fruits perfectly suited to square cultivation.
- Chewed up,
- Swiss chard (chard or chard),
- Chilli pepper,
- Dwarf bean,
- Strawberries tree,
All these good garden produce are perfect for the gardener to make the most of the reduced surface area devoted to his crops. However, do not forget toamend the substrate as soon as needed with manure or one ripe compost because the soil in the vegetable patch is devitalized quite quickly.
Finally, we insist on the fact that no material treated with products dangerous for the environment and human health should be used during the manufacture of a vegetable patch. It is absolutely essential to take all precautions which are necessary in order not to contaminate the cultivated land with chemicals. We therefore forget the salvage pallets (unless they are raw) or the old railway sleepers, the latter having been treated with creosote, namely oils extracted from tars.