Step by step construction of a swimming pool: from plan to first swim


Want to have your own swimming pool? But what are the different steps to achieve this? In order to better understand the process, whether you are building your own swimming pool or hiring a professional, here is the step by step to reach your little paradise. Wait for the winter to start construction, so if your site is late, you will always be in time to dive into your new pond in the summer. Because building a swimming pool can take two weeks or much longer, it all depends on whether you hire a builder or if you do the project yourself.

Step 1: choice of location

The best location for your pool is the sunniest and most sheltered from the wind, least close to trees.

Step 2: tracing your pool

This is a step that can be carried out fairly quickly since it consists of laying benchmarks, stretching cords, taking measurements, in short, preparing the next stage of earthworks. Remember to provide a margin around your future basin for the earthwork.

Step 3: earthworks

Concretely, you will have to remove tons of soil. It all depends on the size of your pool, but this is a very rough way to dig a big hole. However, it is not that simple. It is not simply a question of digging a hole to the dimensions of your future swimming pool. You must first add at least 50 centimeters on each side and then make sure everything is level. It is also imperative to provide space for the pipes. In short, no room for error. Some take this step simply with a shovel. It is quite possible, but it is a long process. It is better to use specific tools to excavate this substantial amount of earth. In addition, you will need to remove all of this soil – although you will save some for later backfilling. And if you store it, remember not to do it too close to the future pool, otherwise your pool will already get dirty during the work.

Step 4: laying the foundations for your pool

The objective of this step is to achieve a flat and stable surface because otherwise the walls of your future pool may be loaded unevenly, which would damage it. The ground must not present any irregularities, it is therefore necessary to level it if necessary. As a foundation, it is common to use concrete for the slab and a gravel bed.

Step 5: create the foundations

Like all the steps, you have the option of doing it yourself or entrusting it to a professional. It all depends on your budget. Because your personal contribution to the construction project will inevitably have an impact on your overall budget and will allow you to reduce costs. This step is the creation of the structure of your swimming pool. When the foundations are ready, your pool is basically in place. Prefabricated plastic or ceramic swimming pools are the simplest and most expensive. Steel-walled pools or above-ground pools, which can also be at least partially buried, are a bit more complex. If you have purchased a DIY pool kit, assembly takes place according to the instructions. The wall-mounted steel pool, for example, comes in the form of a steel roller that must be inserted into a guide rail on the ground. The edges are also connected using a rail.

Step 6: installation of all the technique

All kinds of technology are needed to ensure that your pool can be used all the time and the water stays clean.

  • You will need to install a skimmer – a kind of sieve that keeps dirt particles out of the water.
  • Of course, a pump will be needed. As the name suggests, it pumps the pool water through the filtration system and cleans it of all impurities. The size or performance of your pump depends on the size of your pool. Logically, the weaker pumps have to run longer per day than the more powerful pumps.
  • A filter will also be needed.
  • Pipelines.
  • A heating system. The pool water takes some time to heat up at the start of the season. It’s faster with a pool heater, which is either connected to the house’s heating system or stand-alone. Heat pumps or solar thermal energy are also possible. But there are also special pool covers that absorb heat from the sun without using a lot of technology and transfer it to the water.
  • A pool robot will be very useful to you: the robot helps with the daily cleaning of the floor and walls.
  • Perhaps you can anticipate the pool lighting: an optional technology that puts the pool in scene, especially when it is dark. Depending on the lighting technology, the connection must be carried out by an electrician.

Step 7: laying the coating

The next step is the coating. Better to have it done by a professional because it must be impeccable and leave no free space, especially if you have a liner or a PVC membrane installed. Not only must they be waterproof but also that they be exactly cut to the size of your pool. Your coating can also consist of tiles, plaster or paint, which is more decorative.

Step 8: fill your pool with water

Now you just have to fill your pool. At least partially. Because the water ensures that your liner adapts to the pool and is maintained. With the garden hose, it takes a relatively long time to fill your pool. Depending on its size and water pressure, it may take twelve hours or more.

Step 9: cover your pool

A swimming pool needs protection. The easiest way is a tarp spread over the pool. Some covers are available in the form of solar walls which help to heat the water in the swimming pool. For larger pools, a starter reel is useful. If you wish, you can of course also build a permanent roof structure.