Ten awesome fortresses you should add to your bucket list

  • Edinburgh Castle (549,250 hashtags)

    The castle of the Scottish city of Edinburgh was built in the 12th century on a rock of volcanic origin as a fortress. With three of its sides protected by steep cliffs, the only access route to the castle is the steep Castlehill, at the beginning of the Royal Mile. Today it is one of the most emblematic places in the city as well as one of the most visited. In fact, it ranks first on the list with 549,250 hashtags on Instagram.

  • Prague Castle (535,096 hashtags)

    The Prague Castle (Czech Republic), built in the 9th century, is 570 meters long and 130 meters wide, making it the largest ancient castle in the world. Inside the complex there is the Prague Cathedral, the Convent of Saint George, the Basilica of Saint George, the Royal Palace or galleries of Renaissance and Baroque paintings in the old stables.

    It was the residence of the kings of Bohemia, Holy Roman Emperors, Presidents of Czechoslovakia, Reinhard Heydrich during his time in the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia during the German occupation of World War II, and presidents of the Czech Republic. In it are the Crown Jewels of Bohemia.

  • Windsor Castle (Berkshire, UK) (353,799 hashtags)

    Windsor Castle, in the county of Berkshire, United Kingdom, is the second residence of the British royal family. Prince Harry’s wedding to Meghan Markle in 2018 brought the castle to the fore on Instagram. Windsor Castle occupies an area of ​​more than five hectares and combines fortification, palace and small town elements. Its origin was a medieval castle begun to build in the eleventh century and from the time of Henry I of England, in the twelfth century. It occupies an area of ​​more than five hectares and combines elements of fortification, palace and small town. The castle includes the 15th-century Chapel of St. George, considered by historian John Robinson “one of the supreme achievements of English Perpendicular Gothic design.”

  • Neuschwanstein Castle (Germany) (229,268 hashtags)

    Neuschwanstein Castle, in the federal state of Bavaria (Germany), was built by King Louis II in 1869 as a pure romantic fantasy of the monarch. The building is built in a pure medieval style in which high walls and towers harmonize with the mountains and lakes that surround it.

    It is the most photographed building in Germany and one of the most popular tourist destinations in that country, with 1.4 million annual visitors.

  • Buda Castle (Budapest, Hungary) (179,258 hashtags)

    The imposing Buda Castle towers over Várhegy, the hill of Budapest. The first fortification dates from the 13th century but it was not until the Renaissance when the castle, at the request of King Matías, underwent changes to adapt to the new style of the time. When Budapest suffered the Turkish invasion between 1541 and 1686, the complex was demolished. It was necessary to wait for the Habsburgs so that the city had a new palace, built between 1714 and 1723 in the Baroque style. During the Hungarian revolt against the Habsburg regime in 1849, the castle was again partially destroyed. Reconstruction work was carried out only after the engagement with the Habsburgs. With the German invasion of the Second World War, in short, the castle suffered serious damage. The reconstruction began in 1950 and was carried out by the architect István Janáki in a classical style.

    Today the castle, often called the Royal Palace, houses a number of cultural institutions, including two museums: the National Gallery and the Budapest History Museum.

  • Pena Palace (Sintra, Portugal) (130,680 hashtags)

    The fantastic Pena Palace, in Sintra, Portugal, was built on the site of a former convent of friars of the Order of Saint Jerome. It was D. Fernando de Saxe Coburgo-Gotha, consort of Queen María II who ordered the building of the palace in the 19th century as a summer palace for the royal family.

    The palace has Portuguese architectural and decorative forms in the historicist style – Neo-Gothic, Neo-Manueline, Neo-Islamic, Neo-Renaissance – and, in the surroundings, there is a magnificent park to the English taste, with the most varied species of exotic trees. Today, one of the wings of the palace houses a restaurant, with a beautiful panoramic view over the Sierra de Sintra and the coast.

  • Leeds Castle (Kent, England) (98,321 hashtags)

    Leeds Castle, in the county of Kent, in England, was built in 1119 by Robert de Crevecoeur to replace the Saxon manor house of Esledes, the castle became a royal palace for King Edward I of England and his Queen Eleanor of Castile in 1278.

    The castle escaped destruction during the English Civil War thanks to its owners, the Culpeper family, allied with the Parliamentarians. The last private owner of the castle was Lady Baille who bought it in 1926 and created the Leeds Castle Foundation. The castle opened to the public in 1976. The castle and its grounds are a major tourist destination in the county of Kent. On the castle grounds there is a bird cage, a labyrinth, a grotto, a golf course and what may be the only museum in the world dedicated to dog collars.

  • Alhambra de Granada (88,163 hashtags)

    The Alhambra is the city, fortress and palace erected by the monarchs of the Nasrid dynasty of the Kingdom of Granada and the masterpiece of Muslim art in Europe. Its origins date back to the 9th century, when the Alcazaba began to be used as a refuge. It was in the 13th century when the first Nasrid monarch, Mohamed I, established his royal residence there, although it would not be until the 14th century, with the reigns of Yusuf and Mohamed V, when the Alhambra acquired its monumental appearance that we know today.

    The complex consists mainly of the Generalife Gardens, the Nasrid Palaces and the Alcazaba, of Arab construction. Of Christian invoice we find the palace of Carlos V and the church of Santa María, built on the old mosque. The Nasrid Palaces are grouped irregularly and the different rooms communicate with each other through patios or galleries.The Alhambra was declared a World Heritage Site in 1984.

  • Castle in Bran, Romania (67,387 hashtags)

    Bran Castle, in Romania, is a medieval fortress that enjoys great tourist attraction due to the popular belief that it was the former residence of Vlad Țepeș, nicknamed “the Impaler.”

    Located near Braşov, in Transylvania, it is a national monument and one of the key points of Romanian tourism due to its antiquity, its architectural value and its link with the fictional character of Count Dracula. In fact, the historical character in which Stoker was inspired to write Count Dracula never lived in this castle, but in that of Poenari, now partially in ruins.

    Despite its massive and fortified appearance, Bran Castle received few sieges and its military importance was low. It was only permanently inhabited during the 1920s and 1930s, when it served as a summer residence for Queen Maria of Romania.

  • Peleș Castle, Romania (49,442 hashtags)

    Peleș Palace Castle, located in Sinaia, Romania, was built between 1873 and 1914 by the architect Karel Liman at the time of King Charles I of Romania. Former summer residence of the kings, it became one of the most important monuments in Europe in the 19th century for being, among other things, the first castle in Europe to have electricity and a lift. It is currently a museum.

  • Design by NewsLax