The alley cat: who is he? How does he live?


Also called common cat or domestic cat, the alley cat differs from purebred cats by the fact that it does not have a genealogical line, in other words, a pedigree. These felines are more common and more numerous than purebred cats. Discover their particularities.

What is meant by an alley cat?

House cat, common cat, alley cat… all these names are used to designate a cat of uncertain or unknown origins, or which has not undergone genetic manipulation carried out by humans. Clearly, no selection was made to obtain very specific characteristics. The history of this feline goes back a long way, to that of the wild cat domesticated in Egypt 2600 years BC. The alley cat is first of all very appreciated in the regulation of rodent invasions in peasant societies.

Even today, it is very common to see domestic cats in homes in the countryside, around stables, barns, silos, granaries and farms. Gradually, this feline invests in urban areas and has become a popular apartment cat all over the world.

Be careful, it is also necessary to differentiate between alley cat and European cat, because amalgams exist very frequently. Unlike the common cat, therefore, the European cat has a pedigree in the same way as the Maine coon, the Siamese or the Persian. The Fédération Internationale Féline officially recognized him in 1983 under the name of European Shorthair.

Physical characteristics

Due to the lack of a standard, the alley cat does not have specific physical characteristics. It can have an elongated, robust or stocky body, be large or smaller, with a triangular or round head, long or short hair and sport a very varied color coat (marbled, tortoiseshell, striped, spotted). On the other hand, it comes in three categories: domestic, haret or wanderer. The domestic cat is therefore the one who lives in a family.

The haret cat evolves rather outside and must hunt in order to be able to feed. The stray cat is a bit of a mixture of the two previous ones. It lives outdoors, but from time to time it calls on humans for food. On the health side, as it has escaped genetic selection and given its origins from wild and semi-wild cats, the alley cat is a very robust animal. Older individuals can live up to twenty years. No specific disease is linked to this feline.

The behavior of the alley cat

Like its physical characteristics, the alley cat develops a behavior that depends from one individual to another. Nevertheless, we recognize him as an affectionate, kind and gentle character. It may also happen that he is rather solitary by nature and does not like outpouring of love, is not very affectionate and may even develop aggression. Do not forget that it is education that forges the character of this animal. His personality will depend on his experiences with men and whether or not he was separated from his mother early or not.

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