The blue tit, a very beautiful bird of our gardens


The blue tit (Cyanistes caeruleus) is a very beautiful bird frequent in our gardens. This little sparrow belongs to the family of paridae. Its plumage is composed of very beautiful colors with shades of a magnificent blue, mouse gray, snow white on the head and canary yellow on the chest. The blue tit is sedentary unless it resides in the north.

Know how to recognize the blue tit

To recognize a blue tit, you have to start by looking at the above his head which is easily recognizable because it has a blue cap. The rest of the head is white with three blue lines running from the eye to the back of the neck. Its wings and tail are also blue. The color is more assertive in the male than in the female. The blue tit still has a white streak on its wings and its breast is canary yellow to very pale green. The legs are tinged a pretty blue-gray and the bill is straight and small. The blue tit is also distinguished by its acrobatic behavior. It can often be observed upside down or at the end of a very thin branch in a position almost defying the earth’s pull. Side size, it measures between ten and twelve centimeters for a weight of around eleven grams.

The song and habitat of the blue tit

The blue tit sings very well. His whistles are clear, shrill and varied. When she sings, we say that the blue tit titin, zinzibule or zinzinule. If she wants to alert her loved ones to an imminent danger, she gives a shrill and trembling cry of alarm. This lovely little sparrow lives in the planted forest deciduous trees. It is also found in groves, orchards, hedges and gardens where it is more present in winter to easily find its food.

Blue tit food

The blue tit is basically insectivorous and collect most of his food from the top of the trees. She has a predilection for caterpillars, aphids, but also delights with spiders, larvae, worms and multiple insects. In winter, the blue tit becomes frugivorous and granivorous. It still feeds on pollen and nectar.

Reproduction of the blue tit

The blue tit in principle two broods per year in April and around July. Its nest is built in cavities of old walls or tree trunks whose entrance is very small to protect its young from predators which may be larger birds such as green woodpeckers or squirrels. She uses horsehair, moss and twigs or fragrant herbs like mint, lavender and mint to build its nest. She also uses plants such as camphor or eucalyptol For their antiseptic qualities. The female lays eight to sixteen eggs two to four days after mating and incubates them alone for two weeks. The eggs are white or yellowish-white. Both parents feed the chicks that emerge from the nest to fly around four weeks old. At the end of this period, they are exhausted, as they have hunted between 6,000 and 9,000 tracks to feed their young.

Should we leave blue tits in the garden?

Blue tits are adorable birds, but are often seen as pests in orchardsbecause they devour the fruit buds. In other cases, they are useful, because they get rid of gardens all harmful insects including aphids which they adore.

Some additional information about the blue tit

The male blue tit has a purple crest. The human being does not distinguish this peculiarity which is perceived only by the females of his race. The blue tit lives on average one to three years, because it is very vulnerable to its environment. However, we note to date that the oldest known blue tit has lived until the age of 19.