The Gabonese gray is by far the best-selling parrot in France. It comes to us from the center-west of the African continent. Its possession and sale are regulated by law. It is therefore important to ensure that the current regulations. On the other hand, we must prepare for the arrival of this bird and be sure that we will subsequently have the possibility of meet his needs so that he lives his captivity in the best possible conditions. Let’s take stock of this endearing parrot of great intelligence.
Gabonese gray parrot: characteristics
The gray parrot of Gabon (Psittacus erithacus) belongs to the family of Psittacidae. It is a gregarious bird (which lives in groups), native to Africa. Yet the Jaco parrot is renowned for its ability to live in captivity, and in ancient Rome it was already often welcomed as a pet.
Its diet is mainly composed of seeds and of fruits. It is therefore granivorous and frugivorous. This greedy bird is able to eat more than necessary, especially when in captivity or when stressed. His breeder must therefore take care to give him a sufficient but not excessive daily ration.
The parrot Jaco measures in adulthood about 42 cm in length for a weight of 500 g. Its maximum life expectancy is 80 years.
Gabonese gray: an endearing parrot
He is greatly appreciated for his quick wit and the great affection he shows his master. But this one is exclusive. Other family members are generally rejected, and he is particularly uncompromising with strangers. It must therefore be socialized From the earliest age. However, the best results in this area are obtained with juveniles reared by their sires and mothers. If uneducated, the Gabonese gray parrot becomes fearful, aggressive in adulthood and may have a certain propensity to peck, which can cause some problems.
This parrot has very fine hearing and is able to reproduce countless tones. This helps to make it endearing since with a little patience, we can teach it to pronounce words and therefore sentences, and even to reproduce certain facial expressions. The gray parrot of Gabon is therefore a good talker whose level ofintelligence is higher than that of all birds that have been studied.
Gray from Gabon: mandatory quarantine
Upon arrival at its host family, the parrot should be quarantined if there are other birds in captivity. Far from being a sanction, it is on the contrary essential for several reasons.
Quarantine allows him to acclimatize to its new environment. Of a duration included between 1 and 3 months, it is a crucial step because an unknown place of life causes a stressful situation in this bird. However, stress causes and weakens his immune system, which promotes Infectious diseases. Quarantine is also essential to ensure that he is not already carrying a disease. It must also be followed by a veterinarian during this period.
The new parrot arriving in a breeding of birds of any species whatsoever must be placed in its cage and in a separate room. The air in this space must absolutely not be common to that of the area where the other birds in captivity evolve, in order to avoid any risk of cross contamination. During this time, it is better if it is always the same person who takes care of the parrot.
Equipment and accessories must be reserved exclusively for them and it may be useful to disinfect them regularly with bleach. As is done in sterile places, the person in charge of parrot in quarantine must have clothing reserved for this area, shoes included.
Breeding a Gabonese gray parrot: setting aside time for it
The parrot Jaco can only live in stability because it is very routine. Its environment should therefore not change frequently, just like the layout of its cage. To fill his daily life great curiosity, it is necessary to put at its disposal wooden perches of different heights, but also to give it several kinds of games and to arrange courses for it. This allows him to behave better. It is in any case a pet that must be taken care of every day.
Conditions for breeding a Jaco parrot
The Gabonese gray parrot needs a cage enough spacious, that is, larger than its wingspan. The smallness of the cage is the cause of stress in captive birds and promotes overweight. The bars must be very strong to withstand its assaults, and not have been treated or painted with a toxic product.
The ideal implantation of the cage is one that allows the parrot to be protected from drafts and to benefit as much as possible from the natural light. When it runs out, care is taken to install an ultraviolet light device. This is very important to protect the bird against the risks of calcium deficiency (hypocalcemia), which is seriously detrimental to its health. It is also essential to avoid diseases of the plumage.
We set up our feeder and water tray in an area of the cage devoid of accessories and perches so that they are not soiled and do not mold.
Thecage hygiene is important. It is recommended to clean it at least once a week, and this care also concerns all accessories and perches.
Gabonese gray parrot in captivity: beware of loneliness
We advise against people who are not present or whose professional obligations impose a variable pace on them to breed a Gabonese gray parrot. This rhythm of life is experienced by the bird as a lack of stability and may disturb it. Likewise, it is preferable to limit his access to all the rooms of the house because his curiosity exposes him to risks of accidents and poisoning. In the absence of his master, he must therefore be kept in his cage.
Breed a parrot legally
The law is uncompromising: anyone with a Gabonese gray parrot is in the obligation to declare his animal. You must apply for CIC in order to be authorized to keep this type of bird. This intra-community certificate is sent to the interested party by the DEAL.
The no respect of this obligation is considered a offense and exposes the offender to sanctions. In addition, if the parrot does not wear a seamless ring, it must be identified. Only a veterinarian is authorized to insert an electronic identification chip.