The local elected as a craftsman of change-extract book – EconomyMatin


The human project before the urban project?

Extract page 11-12

– We no longer know how to talk about the city? How to meet the existential expectations of our fellow citizens?

“We should re-register the city in a movement, in a history while avoiding giving the impression that the production of this history is governed only by technical, social or environmental logics. It is about showing that behind the urban projects there is a social project. »Jacques Donzelot

“Why take an interest in the city today if you are a specialist in fields as different as culture, sport, education, communication, housing, the rural world, tourism or the social? Because the city is now the medium from which all the problems and challenges of our societies are articulated and re-articulated … ” Yves Chalas. You have to rewrite a story in which everyone finds their place.

Finally, what becomes of the exercise of the elected mandate in relation to these fundamental questions: how to live on Earth differently? How are the territories whose limits we see are blurred in a networked and networked society characterized and how to respond to the demands of citizens who are emancipation, immediate happiness in a market society where the individualization of social relations dominates? ? Ultimately, how to answer the question that every elected representative asks himself one day: how to create a political community? If so many elected officials wonder and decide not to stand for re-election, it is because there is a deep misunderstanding with the citizens, a loss of mutual trust and unresolved expectations. I will try to answer these questions in this book as a guide to better understand this coming world and act accordingly.

Extract page 9-10

– What links between representative democracy, participatory democracy and direct democracy? 1 Our fellow citizens ask for different times with elected officials on such different subjects. How do we adapt the dialogue of continuous democracy to these different times? How to ward off the demand for immediacy, exchange, a culture of debate ? How to recreate confidence and ensure that outrage can be translated into political responses?

“We have entered a society of incivism, elected officials no longer being considered and citizens increasingly disengaged; in a society of individualism where individuals turn away from politics on the pretext that it no longer brings them anything in a personal capacity; in a society of instantaneity culture where we no longer take the time to think about the complex; in a society of disenchantment, convinced that we are paying dearly for the lifestyle of elected officials who can no longer even change the world2. “

Accepting to be governed, here is the great debate of our democracies today.

1 The big gap, Pascal Perrineau. 2 Mathieu Caron.

Extract page 21-22

Uncertainty, complexity, instability and vulnerability, these are the terms that can characterize our time. Do we have to succeed in otherness, urbanity and diversity? How to do it ? First of all, understand these societal changes. The notion of well-being becomes essential. We want to be happy, the search for pleasure, for personal success, is now coupled with an ethical requirement. Why ? Threats to the climate and everything that affects the biological status of human beings are increasingly questioning. The notion of responsibility goes hand in hand with the enormous potential of the human being. A certain vertigo develops in front of so many possible evolutions. Man becomes blurred between artificial intelligence and the animal to which we now recognize rights. There is an anthropological evolution of the human being: how should we associate human, animal and artificial intelligences? Where is the man in all of this? This complexity is also in the idea that it is necessary to inhabit the Earth differently. We can no longer separate nature from culture, which will lead to another way of conceiving economic development. The economy itself is changing. It was built in the 20th century on statistical and quantitative methods which do not correspond to reality. “Thehomo economicus rational does not exist… ”Jean Tirole. Economists must learn to work with other social sciences, psychology, history, anthropology, political science.

We do not always behave rationally, emotional consumption is a reality. Humans are more complex in their decision-making than what we say. The notion of emotional consumption clearly demonstrates that consumerist desire may have nothing to do with a vital demand, but may be a need for relaxation which is inherent in the human condition. The anthropological evolution of man (animal intelligence, artificial intelligence, human intelligence) also questions this human condition. In addition, the idea of ​​a collapse of the world has been emerging for a few years, defended by people called collapsologists who think that disaster is inevitable and that we must prepare for it. One of the philosophers, Jean-Pierre Dupuy, who theorized on the idea of ​​an enlightened catastrophism explains: “To announce that the catastrophe is certain, it is to contribute to make it such… But to ignore it or to minimize it importance leads to the same result. We can see that we are on a steep slope and that we will have to change. Thehomo sapiens must evolve otherwise it will disappear. But we must believe in man otherwise what is the point of living?

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