The Lusitanian: all you need to know about this breed of horse

This baroque horse displays a typical body in the format square and harmonious. Known for its obedience and his good looks, the Lusitanian shines as well in the competitions of dressage than in the middle of the arenas. Zoom on a thoroughbred who likes to put on a show!

The Lusitanian, horse of kings

Originally from Portugal (called Lusitania under the Roman Empire), the Lusitanian is considered the older saddle horse of the world. Closely linked to the Berber and Andalusian breeds, this equine has survived the ages: used at the war during Antiquity, in chariot races in Roman times, he was chosen by princes and squires from the Renaissance to the XIXe century. Preferred frame of kings, the Lusitanian was little by little neglected for the English thoroughbred and the more swift breeds before regaining its letters of nobility at the beginning of the XXe century. Today this horse of parade excels in bullfighting and in Haute École.

The Lusitanian: a compact body

The Lusitanian is a short and compact horse, of weight and size average : it generally measures between 155 cm and 165 cm at the withers and weighs about 500 kg. The Portuguese equine is known for its powerful back and round rump, both forming a continuous line and harmonious. The muzzle has an arched profile and the jaw is not very pronounced. His eyes – and his head in general – are expressive. Small, slender ears and a slender neck give it a characteristic touch of elegance. The lean and muscular limbs are of medium length. Generally gray, white or bay, its dress However, there are other colors: chestnut, palomino, isabelle, cremello … Some specimens have welts on the limbs, even a mule ray.

The infinite bravery of the Lusitanian

Reliable and courageous, the Lusitanian is also very agile and particularly obedient, an essential character trait in bullfighting. The Portuguese thoroughbred is full of assets: friendly, sensitive, intelligent, generous and ardent, it displays docility and foolproof endurance. Pleasant under the saddle, the equine can reveal a lively temperament and fiery. As such, he asks for a rider experimented, able to control him and show him the way forward. Of a temper voluntary, this faithful steed loves to learn, enjoys the game and shows real cooperation with humans. It is generally said of the Lusitanian “that he gives everything for his rider”. Placed in good hands, the equine is described as a fabulous partner.

Lusitanian: a horse that likes to show off

Appreciated for his endurance, his safety of the foot and his good character, the Lusitanian is a very full used in sports as well as in leisure riding. For centuries and still today, the Iberian thoroughbred has been widely used in arenas where he excels with his maneuverability and his courage against the bull. At the same time, this horse versatile has obtained numerous classifications and victories in various international events such as dressage, Jumping and the hitch. Horse Ball is one of the equestrian sports in which the Lusitanian can also shine. The beauty of its raised gait and its strong learning ability make it one of the favorite breeds of stuntmen in the cinema, trainers circus and any spectacle in general.

The Lusitanian, officially recognized in 1967

From the XVIIIe century, the selection made it possible to distinguish the horses Iberian : the Spanish clearly stood out from its Portuguese counterpart by taking on a higher pace and with less amplitude. For their part, the breeders of Lusitanians cultivated the form traditional of the horse and its temperament ardent intended for bullfighting and herding cattle. The thoroughbred has thus almost retained its appearance original. A stud-book common to both breeds was created in 1912 before officially separating them in 1967. French breeders began to import the first stallions and mares from Portugal in 1974. Although the majority of tricolor breedings are located in the South, the Lusitanian was born and raised in all regions of France. The thoroughbred is today one of the horses foreigners the highest on the hexagon.

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