The mouse is not welcome in our homes and it is capable of generating panic attacks in many people bordering on hysteria. Let’s see who it really is, and how to prevent it from settling in our cellars and annexes of all kinds. Between prevention against mice and natural means to keep them away, there are effective solutions to avoid being invaded by them.
Mouse: a bit of zoology
The house mouse or house mouse belongs to the family of Muridae. It is a small mammal rodent that we find in all countries of the world under different vernacular names. But there are also countless species of mice across the continents. Sometimes other rodents such as field mice or voles are commonly referred to as mice, but all of these animals have their own characteristics. So let’s only focus on the common mouse, Mus musculus.
The house mouse weighs no more than 20 grams. It has a brownish gray coat, sometimes quite dark. It does not exceed 21 centimeters from the end of its black muzzle to the end of its very long thin tail which alone represents half the total length of the mouse.
The life expectancy of the house mouse is between 12 and 24 months, but this short life does not prevent it from giving birth to dozens of baby mice. Indeed, a female gives birth to a good forty young each year since she can have during this period up to 8 litters. Gestation lasts between 19 and 21 days only. In mice everything goes very quickly since at the age of 5 weeks, it can already be fertilized by the male – which is also called the mouse.
The mouse participates in the balance of biodiversity
Not very appreciated by millions of people, the mouse is nevertheless an animal which participates positively in the maintenance of ecosystems. For example, it allows seeds to be dispersed, it aerates the soil by searching it to look for food or dig its galleries, it constitutes a meal appreciated by raptors, lizards and foxes. All of these mouse predators themselves have a useful role to play for the planet.
For its part, it feeds on snails – which is useful to many gardeners – and insects of all kinds.
Mouse, a vector of disease
Of course, the mouse is among the animal vectors of diseases, some of which are transmissible to humans. The transmission modes are diverse, for example:
- Saliva from bites.
Mice can also transmit diseases by simply carrying on their body lice, ticks and others fleas, no more appreciated by humans elsewhere. She is particularly fond of our basements and outbuildings where we store various food products that suit her perfectly.
Sneaking everywhere, it is embedded in all of us, whether in cities or in our countryside, sowing terror among people suffering from musophobia (understand, phobic mice, rats and more generally rodents ). Animosity, fear, disgust or repulsion: this vulnerable little rodent generates irrational reactions.
The Mouse Advances Research
In other respects, however, the mouse is a valuable aid to humans, if only because it is used in the laboratory for research purposes, allowing scientists to advance in their work and offer us regularly extraordinary solutions for cure diseases which we died only a few years ago. Even if we hate the mouse at home, let’s still give it the grace it deserves.
Hunt or eliminate mice naturally
That the ecologists victims of musophobia reassure themselves, there are various natural solutions for keep mice away but also to eradicate them.
Prevention against mice
In order not to have to chase these rodents, you might as well make sure they don’t come. To do this, we can for example:
- Fill holes in the walls of outbuildings from another time or in the basement: a mouse can squeeze through extremely narrow gaps.
- Very often clean the house and its annexes, without forgetting the inside of storage furniture, chests and cupboards,
- Eliminate the crumbs after each meal on the balcony or terrace,
- Store your bins in a closed container and empty it very regularly,
- Store grocery-type food stocks in airtight glass jars.
Despite all these precautions, it is possible for a mouse to visit the premises periodically.
Fend off mice leaving their lives safe
Rather than placing the bottles in the recycling bin, put them in a large container or in the wheelbarrow and break them into small pieces after taking the precaution of putting on protective glasses. It only remains to file the crushed glass in places where mice pass, on condition of course that they are not accessible to children because the risk of injury is high. As the mouse is hemophiliac, it rarely escapes cuts. But this solution is a bit cruel.
Install plants in strategic places that give off an odor that mice hate, as is the case with eucalyptus and peppermint. For those who do not have a green thumb or simply do not have enough room to garden, there remains the use of essential oils extracted from these plants. It also works!
Adopt a cat or regularly invite that of the neighbor: the simple fact of detecting its smell scares away unwanted small rodents.
Finally, if some mouse droppings testify to their recent passage, it is of course necessary to remove them by taking care to put on household gloves beforehand because the excrements of mice are vectors of disease just like their urine. There remains the use of mouse swatter on which bread or cheese is placed in order to attract the rodent to the fatal trap. You can also deposit quicklime mixed with sugar on strategic corners. It constitutes a deadly poison. And to end it definitively, we can get a delayed-effect anticoagulant rat poison in powder or block.