The Paint Horse: all you need to know about this breed of horse

Dressed Horse magpie, the Paint Horse was revered by Native Americans for its beauty and power. Today the animal excels in the work of livestock as in the disciplines of horse riding western. Meeting with an equine whose docility makes it a pleasant companion for riders of all ages.

The origins of Paint Horse

In 1519, the Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés set off to explore the new world with, in the holds of his ship, a few horses, including two specimens with pied robe that the Andalusians called Pinto. Crossbreeds with native species and in the early 1800s, spotted horses were observed in the wild herds roaming the vast American plains. These equines quickly become the preferred mount of the Amerindians who more readily chose colored horses as opposed to those of the colonists, often with robe. united. At the same time, breeders tame and select horses that are docile, fast and enduring, able to travel thousands of kilometers alongside herds of bison and cattle. During the conquest of the West, the animal was used both for transport and for agriculture.

The Paint Horse stud book

From the fifties, certain breeders and enthusiasts of Quarter Horse with the spotted coat wanted to promote these specimens in a genealogical register. specific. Thus, the Paint breed is genetically identified in the stud book made up of 1962 in Texas. If a few hundred horses are recognized Paint at the end of the first year, the association now has more than one million individuals and registers approximately 15,000 new annual admissions. Standard Paint Horse registration requires that the coat has a minimum of white hairs on depigmented (pink) skin and that the foal has at least a parent registered in the Paint Horse breed register.

The powerful physique of the Paint Horse

In general, the Paint Horse is a small saddle horse, with a compact. It features a long, slim neckline, broad shoulders and a full, deep chest. Its short back is extended by a powerful kidney. The withers are wide and not very pronounced. The horse has a fairly small head, sharp eyes and expressive, short, pointed ears. His lean limbs, muscular thighs and strong joints give him many qualities such as endurance, speed and flexibility. The Paint Horse measures between 1.48 m and 1.60 m and weighs 450 to 600 kg.

The unique paint horse dress

Colorful cousin of the Quarter Horse, the Paint Horse can 4 types of dresses:

  • Overo (irregular white markings not present on the back and legs);
  • Tobiano (regular white markings on the back and legs, sometimes two-colored tail);
  • Tovero (mixture of Overo and Tobiano: white color very present, darker color on certain parts of the body such as ears, forehead or neckline);
  • Solid (plain: without white spot on the body other than balzane or mark on the head).

The particular combination of white is authorized with any coat color: black, bay, brown, chestnut, grullo, cream, palomino, gray, roan… All shapes of spots are allowed on condition of displaying a size equal to or greater than a 1 dollar coin.

The Paint Horse: a good mind

The Paint Horse unites strength andbalanced. Lively, obedient and agile, he presents a clever blend of power and beauty. Riders, including the youngest, love its calm and elegance. Capable of strong accelerations like short stops, the horse distinguishes itself in riding western and its many disciplines (reining, cutting, barrel racing, roping…). With its cousin the Quarter Horse, the equine is the fastest in so-called “quarter mile” races (around 400 meters). Pleasant under the saddle, the Paint Horse offers a comfortable frame for trail running and hiking. Her versatility allows him to practice dressage, show jumping, rodeo or aerobatics in an equestrian show. His excellent mind and temperament docile make it a pleasant companion for the whole family.

The glorified Paint Horse

The Paint Horse is particularly successful in the United States where the American Paint Horse Association (APHA) is in 2e position by the number of horses registered annually. The story of this splendid horse has inspired many country songs, stories and paintings. The equine is at the heart of many legends and Indian songs that are passed down through generations. It is said that when the tribes could not find specimens with specimens, they painted on their usual mounts symbols representing the beauty of Paint Horse. For the Comanche Indians, this admirable presence horse brought good luck to its rider. Many paintings rock testify to the enthusiasm for this animal.

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