The dog’s body must have essential nutrients and macronutrients, among which are the proteins which enter into the composition of the blood, muscles or even hair of the animal. They are essential for the puppy’s growth and their functions are multiple at any age. The food must therefore provide the dog with the vital minimum in protein. Let’s do a check in.
How useful are proteins for dog health?
We can safely say that proteins are absolutely vital for the dog since their roles are multiple. They intervene among others at the level:
- Some blood,
- Appendages, namely the hairs and the claws,
- From the immune system,
Made up of chains ofamino acids, proteins are macronutrients essential.
Proteins: what are the intakes to respect in dogs?
The dog needs to receive every day much more protein than humans. If the minimum recommended intakes are 56 grams / day for a human weighing 70 kg, (i.e. 0.8 g / kg of body mass), in dogs the daily requirements are 2 to 6 g / kg, i.e. between 20 and 60 g of protein for a 10 kg dog or between 80 and 240 g of protein for a 40 kg dog. To provide this quantity to the animal, it is obviously necessary to be interested in the constitution of each food. Some contain 8%, others 10 or 15% for example.
Animal nutritionists have looked into the question and now say that it is useful to respect a minimum value, the necessary CPP, so that the animal does not suffer from protein deficiency but also does not receive too rich a diet which promotes obesity and many diseases. This protein-calorie ratio required takes into account the dog’s weight but many other factors.
To determine the minimum protein requirements, it is indeed necessary to consider each dog on a case by case basis. For example, there is a difference between the puppy, the adult dog, the senior dog and the bitch in gestation or lactation period, even a dog or a bitch that has undergone sterilization, each having specific nutritional needs. It is therefore from the veterinarian that the master can receive the most informed advice since the health professional knows the dog in question, especially since the state of health of the animal also has an influence on its nutritional needs.
It should be remembered that the way of life is also an important indicator to determine the needs of the animal in terms of nutrition since they can be more or less increased. They are more important in a sporting dog or a herding dog than in a very sedentary dog.
If you do not give your animal food with sufficient protein, or whose proteins have been denatured, he risks a deficiency whose consequences on his health can be extremely serious. In addition, it is very important that protein intake is daily.
Which foods are well supplied with protein?
Food animal origin but also plant origin provide the proteins that the body absolutely needs. The dog therefore finds animal proteins in:
As for proteins of plant origin, they can be provided by:
- The cereals.
However, it should be noted that the latter are a little less well assimilated by the dog than proteins of animal origin.
With regard to dogs exclusively fed dry food such as croquettes, they must benefit from products ofexcellent nutritional quality. These are generally referred to as premium industrial dog foods which are made from foods high in animal protein. It is recommended to avoid industrial dog food if it is of poor quality, because it is made from ingredients with low nutritional value, and contains more bone and cartilage than good quality meat. These low-end foods are certainly less expensive than others, but they do not meet all the needs of a dog’s body.
It should also be noted that the cooking mode can denature proteins and degrade their digestibility or on the contrary preserve them. Again, poor quality food products are often made with overcooked ingredients. But the problem of overcooking also arises when you prepare your dog’s meals yourself. We now know that it is fundamental to give preference to a gentle cooking foods such as steaming or cooking in foil, two excellent ways of preserving the nutritional quality of the food intended for your little companion.