“Rain” pledges to cut the emissions of leaders of major economies
The leaders of Brazil, Canada, Japan and several other major economies have made strong commitments to reduce domestic emissions as well as to respond to climate change.
|US President Joe Biden speaking at the opening of the Online Summit on Climate with the participation of 40 world leaders at the White House on April 22. Photo: AFP|
The pledges are made shortly after US President Joe Biden vowed to cut US emissions by at least 50% by 2030, more than doubling the previous commitment of the world’s largest economy. according to the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement.
“It’s an encouraging start,” President Joe Biden emphasized at the Online Climate Summit, while also telling the leaders of the countries: “We are starting to make some progress. really”.
Online summit on climate change chaired by the US opens on the evening of April 22 (Vietnam time) and lasts for 2 days.
Contrary to previous attitudes on climate change, Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro vowed to end deforestation in the country by 2030 and achieve a carbon neutral target by 2050. He Jair Bolsonaro has previously criticized forest protection actions in Brazil and threatened to withdraw from the Paris Climate Agreement. The Brazilian side recently asked the Biden government to provide $ 1 billion to pay for Amazon’s forest conservation efforts.
Meanwhile, Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga said the country was committed to cutting its emissions by 46% by 2030 from 2013 levels. Japan, the world’s fifth largest emitter, has previously been criticized for is committed to reducing emissions by 26%.
“Japan is ready to show its leadership role in the global carbon reduction process,” Prime Minister Suga affirmed at the conference. Like the US, Japan has committed to zero net emissions by 2050.
Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau pledged that the country will cut emissions by 40-45% by 2030 compared to 2005 levels, a significant increase from the previous commitment of 30%. “We will continually strengthen our plans and take more action on our journey to zero net emissions by 2050,” Trudeau stressed.
No new targets were given, but Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi reaffirmed his commitment to install 450 gigawatts of renewable energy by 2030. Prime Minister Modi mentioned the Clean Energy and Climate Agenda Partnership. between India and America. Currently, India is the third largest emitter in the world, after China and the US.
On the Russian side, President Vladimir Putin pledged to “significantly reduce” its emissions over the next three decades; At the same time, he affirmed that Russia has a great contribution to the absorption of carbon dioxide globally. President Putin also said Russia has cut its emissions by nearly half compared to 1990 and urged the world to reduce methane – a greenhouse gas that is 84 times more powerful than carbon dioxide and the main cause. climate change.
“Our entire planet’s fate, each nation’s development prospects, the well-being and people’s quality of life largely depend on the success of these efforts,” Putin noted.
Meanwhile, Chinese President Xi Jinping reaffirms commitments to reduce emissions at a high level before 2030 and to achieve carbon neutral by 2060. Despite disagreements on issues such as trade and human rights, The US and China recently agreed to cooperate on climate change.
South Korean President Moon Jae In said the country would stop public aid to overseas coal-fired power plants and plan to make a stronger commitment to reducing emissions.
Some countries appreciate US President Joe Biden for holding a climate summit as well as bringing the US back to the Paris Climate Agreement. Previously, the administration of former President Donald Trump withdrew from the deal and stopped all US efforts to reduce emissions.
“I am very happy to see the US return to working with us on climate change, because there is no doubt that the world needs American contributions,” said German Chancellor Angela Merkel.
It is expected that countries participating in the Paris Climate Agreement will update their emission targets for the next decade at the United Nations Climate Conference taking place in Glasgow, Scotland in November.