Insects are rarely welcome in our homes. But now, they know how to invite themselves to us if they find an environment favorable to their development. Some of them are really harmful while others are just nasty to be around. Here are the top 10 most pesky insects in the home.
Among xylophagous insects, that is, insects that feed on cellulose or lignin in wood, the termite is undoubtedly the most annoying, not to say threatening. You won’t have to worry if your house was built less than ten years ago. Indeed, the woods used in joinery, floors or frames are treated, and this for a decade. Beyond that, it is however necessary to renew the treatment.
As soon as their presence is diagnosed, it is mandatory to make a declaration to your town hall. The termite is feared because it attacks all species of wood. And not only does it feed on wood, which has the consequence of weakening its structure because of the galleries it digs there, but it also attacks plaster and insulation materials which also contain cellulose. .
Termites live in colonies that can each number up to a million of individuals. Only a professional will be able to advise you on the best treatment to preserve your home, or to treat it if it is too late.
2- Bed bugs
Cimex lectularius is the most widespread species. Bedbugs have a rostrum with which they pierce human skin and suck blood. The operation can take between 3 and 20 minutes and repeat up to 90 times per night. The bitten person then feels very itchy and may even develop localized infections of the skin.If these insects do not carry disease to humans, it is important to get rid of them.
These insects have an average lifespan of 5 to 6 months. Unlike lice, they are visible to the naked eye because adults are between 5 and 8 mm long, and are more noticeable during the day than at night. Bed bugs do not fly or jump, but move by walking on floors or walls.
At the start of an infestation, bedbug bites can look like mosquito bites or spider bites. But when they multiply, the bites form regular lines characteristics. Traces of blood on the sheets are as many crushed bugs and the small black dots visible on the box spring or the walls near the bed are their droppings. When the infestation is heavy, a pungent odor may be detected. As they are difficult to dislodge, it is advisable to call a professional to get rid of them.
Cockroaches, also called cockroaches or cockroaches, reproduce quickly. This is why you must not delay reacting if you see one. The insect measures between 2 and 9 cm, its body is oval and flat, with two long thin antennae. She appreciates the heat and lives at night. As cockroaches move at high speed, they are difficult to capture and they are resistant to many insecticides. The lack of hygiene is the main cause of their installation in homes. To avoid this, it is advisable to store all food in an airtight box, to collect crumbs after each meal and to take out the trash frequently.
Centipedes have a flat, reddish-brown body. They invest the damp areas of our homes: mainly basements and bathrooms. If their presence is not appreciated, they nevertheless feed on many insects unwanted (fleas, carpet attackers, ants, silverfish, etc.). The only thing we can blame them for is therefore their appearance generally considered repulsive. Drying out damp places where they live is the best way to get rid of them.
5- Silver fish
Silverfish or silverfish settle in hot, humid, and dusty areas of homes and feed on cellulose, dust, mold, hair, hair and sweet crumbs. They are usually found in old abandoned archive boxes, in bathrooms, kitchens and laundry rooms.
Like centipedes, their only fault is their appearance because they are harmless for the man. They are about 1 cm long. They do not reproduce very quickly, but a silverfish can live 3 years on average. Keeping the house clean and drying damp areas is the best way to keep them away.
6- Food moths
Finding food moths is particularly unpleasant. Parents of clothing moths, these insects feed on foods you store such as flour, grains, pasta, rice, and chocolate. They do not carry disease and are harmless to health, even if ingested inadvertently. But a female lays about 200 eggs which turn into as many larvae in 2-3 days and then into butterflies in a month.
Usually brought home following races, the cocoons attaching to the packaging, a quick glance can verify that there are none. If this is the case, a little cleaning of the packaging before putting it away will suffice. If the infestation has developed, you can dispose of the contaminated food by putting it outside the house. Then clean the cupboards thoroughly.
7- Clothing moths
Small greyish butterfly measuring only 4 to 9 mm, the clothing moth does not live for more than 15 days. It is its larvae that cause irreparable damage to our wardrobes. They fear the light and crouch at the bottom of drawers and cupboards. Commercial products to be placed among our clothes are effective.
Woodlice are completely harmless to humans, but the presence of these crawling insects with shiny bodies and living in colonies in dark, damp corners is not appreciated. With a few simple gestures, it is possible to keep them at a distance. It is necessary to fight against the excessive humidity of the house, by not letting any mold grow, and to maintain a cleanliness constant.
These small flies of 1 or 2 mm are called “vinegar flies”. Attracted by the fruits where they lay their eggs and where their larvae develop, they multiply very quickly. Eliminating damaged fruit without dragging it, especially in hot weather, is a good reflex to adopt to keep them away.
Once the ants have found something to eat, a whole line can stretch between the nest and the food source. You should therefore not delay reacting as soon as you meet some of them at home.
A certain number of natural products have shown their effectiveness, either as a repellent or as a trap: coffee grounds, white vinegar, cinnamon, lemon or lavender, for example, thus avoid resorting to insecticides.