Dehydration is very common in cats and can lead to serious problems very quickly. It is therefore necessary to be extremely vigilant because this animal feels little thirst. As a result, he tends to not drink enough. The risks are all the more important if the little feline is fed exclusively with kibble, if it is sick or if it is the victim of heat stroke. Every owner should know how to spot the symptoms of dehydration in their cat in order to remedy them as quickly as possible. In some cases, rehydration solution is sufficient, but it may also be urgent to see a veterinarian.
Dehydration: Symptoms in Cats
As soon as the cat’s body no longer contains enough water, it can no longer function normally. Dehydration leads to disruption of blood circulation, deregulation of body temperature, lack of lubrication of the joints. The organs work slowly, toxins are no longer eliminated or even waste … The repercussions on the health of the cat are not long in manifesting themselves.
Generally, signs of dehydration do not deceive. The cat exhibits the following symptoms:
- Loss of appetite,
- Transit problems (diarrhea, constipation),
- His gums are dry or even sticky,
- His skin is less elastic,
- The cat licks itself less than usual and may even completely stop grooming.
A severe dehydration can cause death of the cat in a few hours. It therefore justifies an emergency consultation.
When to use a cat rehydration solution?
If the cat is severely dehydrated, the veterinarian resorts to intravenous or subcutaneous fluid therapy. It is essential to quickly rehydrate the small animal.
However, if the dehydration is moderate, the master of the cat can himself give his little protégé the necessary care. To do this, he must:
- Start by giving the animal a cat rehydration solution,
- Encourage the cat to drink little at a time but regularly,
- Opt for moist foods instead of kibble, but this change in diet should not be sudden because it could lead to digestive problems.
The rehydration solution used at home is therefore a possible solution in the event of moderate dehydration which does not require an emergency IV.
What is a cat rehydration solution?
This ready to use product specifically developed for cats can be purchased from the veterinarian or even in a veterinary clinic or pharmacy. Attention, it is very important to respect the dosage indicated on the bottle or recommended by an animal health professional.
This is a solute for oral administration recommended in case of acute diarrhea or severe vomiting which very quickly leads to dehydration. Its main components are sodium chloride, sodium citrate and potassium chloride.
Note that a rehydration solution can also be used in cats who are reluctant to drink, but this product is only given to your animal after having sought the advice of the veterinarian.
Can you prepare a rehydration solution for your cat yourself?
It is useful to know how to work out this type of solution at home which may be necessary when a cat appears to be moderately dehydrated or has had diarrhea for a few hours and there is no solution ready. for use at hand.
In this case, it suffices to add ½ teaspoon of salt and ½ tablespoon of glucose at 500 ml of water and give the animal small amounts of this rehydrating drink.
As an indication, the organism of an adult cat needs – per 24 hour period – about 55 ml of liquid per kg of body mass to function, which corresponds for example to 220 ml for a cat weighing 4 kg. or 330 ml for a 6 kg cat. Note that a good part of this liquid is supplied by the diet. A cat that eats only dry food therefore needs to drink more than a cat fed wet food.
For prevent dehydration In cats, it is therefore essential to leave a bowl of water or, better still, a water fountain at their disposal which keeps the liquid always clean. This device is perfect because it encourages the cat to drink regularly. In a fountain, the water is protected and does not take on bad odors that could put off the animal. At the same time, of course, we try to keep our cat cool during the hot summer months and drink it regularly when it is woozy.