Dehydration can have serious consequences on an organism, and the dog is no exception. It can even die from it, and puppies are at risk of death even more quickly than adult dogs. But whatever the age of his dog, it is essential that he can be quickly rehydrated by a veterinarian. Here are the symptoms that should alert and the precautions to be taken to fill his water deficit without exposing his dog to an irreversible risk to his health. About the rehydration solution found in some signs, it should not be used indiscriminately.
Dehydration in dogs: symptoms
Water represents nearly 60% the bulk of a dog and most of it is the cells of its body. The rest is in the lymph, in the blood and in the fluid that fills the empty spaces between the cells, that is to say the interstitial fluid. The distribution of water in the body is therefore intracellular and extracellular.
In the event of heat stroke – this is the case when leaving a dog in a car parked in direct sunlight, for example – it takes less than an hour for it to be dehydrated. But it can also be very quickly following intense physical efforts or if he suffers from gastroenteritis for example. It is therefore not only summer during a heat wave, but also at any time of the year that the body is likely to losing too much water. The consequences can be fatal.
When a dog East dehydrated, the symptoms that must worry his master are:
- Hot spine,
- Breathing too fast and jerky, sometimes noisy and difficult,
- Abnormal fatigue,
- The dog’s nose is dry,
- His eyes seem hollow,
- His gums and tongue are dry due to too little saliva production,
- His urine is dark because more concentrated than usual.
The dehydration amplifies again when the already dehydrated dog vomits or has diarrhea. She risks leaving sequelae in many organs such as the brain or kidneys. The situation is serious in adult dogs, but even more so in puppies, which can die in less than an hour.
Rapid rehydration in dogs: the risks
You may be tempted to give your dog a lot of water in order to fill a serious water deficit. This is a mistake because it causes vomiting. Not only does the dog not keep the liquid he has just absorbed, but the vomiting increases his dehydration. On the contrary, we must ensure make it drink in very small amounts (without forcing him) and make sure he does not vomit. The water should be at room temperature, or even slightly warm, because if it is too cold, it can lead to diarrhea which also aggravates the dehydration of the animal. At the same time, it is necessary tomoisten the dog’s body by placing a wet towel on his back.
Rehydrate your dog: an emergency consultation is essential
It is difficult for a teacher to assess the severity level of dehydration in his pet. This is why it is absolutely necessary to consult the veterinarian as soon as the dog presents one or more symptoms mentioned above. In many cases, the practitioner must place the dog under infusion in order to correct quickly the hydro-sodium imbalance, that is to say, to fill the loss in water but also in sodium and potassium chloride among others. The dosage is adapted on a case-by-case basis, depending on the deficits suffered by the animal.
Rehydrating your dog: should you use a rehydration solution?
You can find in stores specializing in pet care or in certain pharmacies, a rehydrating drink for dogs when his body presents a hydroelectrolyte imbalance. This type of product participates in the restoration of the cell membrane which has suffered due to dehydration. The main components of this rehydrating product are sodium chloride, potassium chloride and glucose.
However, be careful of do not use this type of rehydration solution without medical advice, and special care should be taken with a puppy as this product is generally only suitable for dogs over 12 months of age.
A dog can benefit from this solution after significant efforts, or when he has vomited, in case of diarrhea, or even if he is convalescent. It is also advisable for a dog who refuses to drink, if he is anorexic, or if he has an oral problem that does not encourage him to lap up water. In all cases, a visit to the vet is essential because only this animal health expert knows if a rehydration solution is necessary or not.
We can often avoiding dehydration in dogs by protecting it from hot weather, by giving it drink very regularly, and by ensuring that it hydrates in the event of intensive activity. It is wise to provide them with a water fountain but also to always take with you something to give your dog to drink during a long walk or even during a trip. Finally, a balanced diet provides some of the water that the body needs.