Urinary disorders in dogs: what are they?


It is quite common for a dog to suffer from a urinary problem. Whatever the cause, it can lead to incontinence, but also jeopardize the proper functioning of the kidneys. It is therefore essential to consult the veterinarian as quickly as possible from the first symptoms so that the dog can be treated. But no treatment is given without the urinary disorder in dogs being clearly diagnosed. Let’s do a check in.

Urinary disorders in dogs: the main revealing symptoms

It is quite easy for a handler to notice that his dog is suffering from a urinary disorder because the symptoms are telling, namely:

  • Polyuria: the dog urinates a lot because it consumes more water than usual. This can hide a disease such as diabetes or kidney failure.
  • Pollakiuria: urination is frequent but the animal eliminates very little urine each time. Moreover, urination is so difficult that the dog has to strain to urinate. Not only can he only eliminate drop by drop, but he also moans because it causes pain.
  • Hematuria: this term means that blood is in the urine so that it is more or less pink in color if the blood is diluted. But the animal may also only urinate blood, which justifies an emergency consultation. Hematuria can suggest inflammation at different levels: kidneys, bladder wall, ureter.
  • A strangury: the dog suffers when urinating and he only expels a few drops of urine each time. For the animal, the difficulties are extreme. Stranguria should never be allowed to persist as this can quickly lead to urine retention, which is very serious.
  • The loss of cleanliness: until now the dog always asked well to go out and recently, it pees in the house as if it had lost all its achievements in terms of cleanliness. The urinary dirt is common in a dog or bitch with urinary problems. Note that incontinence can also be linked to old age, with advancing age making it harder to hold back.

All these symptoms are common to urinary problems, the cause of which can be quite different from one case to another.

Urinary disorders: the causes

Only a sometimes thorough examination can reveal the exact cause of a urinary disorder in dogs. It could for example be:

  • Ascending infections:
    • From the bladder,
    • From the urethra.
  • Obstruction of the urinary tract due to:
    • From calculations,
    • From a benign tumor,
    • From a malignant tumor.
  • From a neurological condition.
  • From an infectious disease that affects the kidneys, such as leptospirosis.
  • From an enlarged prostate, a hormonal disorder which, of course, only affects male dogs.
  • Of a hormonal deficit due to the sterilization of the dog or the bitch.
  • An infection of the uterus.
  • A change in the pH of the urine: it may be more alkaline, knowing that food can impact the hydrogen potential (pH) of the urine of the animal. However, the affections are precisely favored by alkalinity.

Note that a dog who urinates insufficiently is more exposed to the risk of infections since it does not eliminate bacteria well. There are different reasons that can prevent a dog from urinating such as osteoarthritis pain which does not really motivate the animal to come forward to go out. You should also know that dogs who stay home all day alone and therefore do not have the possibility of going outside to defecate, are forced to hold back. This favors urinary tract infections since in these conditions the animal does not urinate enough and consequently cannot eliminate the bacteria.

Urinary disorders are more common in dogs than in bitches, especially those caused by bacterial infection. But whether it is a male or a female, it remains essential that the animal can count on the vigilance of its master. He must react as quickly as possible, as soon as he notices the slightest symptom putting the chip in his ear. It is necessary to know if the animal presents nephritis (kidney infection), cystitis (bladder infection) or even for a male if he suffers from a prostatitis (prostate infection). A urinary disorder can make lots of damages. No negligence is therefore permitted.

It is absolutely necessary to avoid the dog’s kidneys suffer because they are organs very exposed to infections of all kinds due to the fact that they filter the blood. Serious kidney damage is therefore quite possible. Let us not forget that the blood carries multiple bacteria, coming from all the parts of the body (gums, lungs, bones…). It is also common that bacteria originating from an oral infection are found in the kidneys. However, when a dog shows symptoms of a urinary disorder, it may be that he has a diseased kidney.

Finally, it should be noted that in order to prevent certain urinary disorders, it is often sufficient to ensure take your dog out several times a day so that he urinates enough and does not have to hold back too long. At the same time, it is essential to provide a water fountain or a bowl of clean and fresh water so that he drinks in good quantity. What to avoid is of course urinary blockage.