For some time now you have noticed traces ofurine in your cat’s basket and / or on the ground from your home. Your cat may be suffering from urinary incontinence. What are the signs, causes, treatments ? Decryption of an affection that can hide another.
What is cat urinary incontinence?
Urinary incontinence is defined byinability from the cat to controlling the muscles from the urethra, so that the sphincter does not close. This phenomenon prevents the feline from properly controlling its urine emissions generating leaks involuntary throughout the day. Intermittent or permed, cat urinary incontinence should be taken seriously because it reflects a physical or emotional disorder.
Under what circumstances is the cat incontinent?
If the manifestations of incontinence depend in particular on its origin, they all have in common the leaks emitted without the cat getting into position to urinate. The quantities are variable: from a few drops streaks of urine on the floor. Losses occur under various circumstances, for example when the cat is sleeping, when it is active (game), when he gets up, lies down, moves. Namely that the incontinent cat often presents in parallel urination normal, or a voluntary emission of urine, by getting into position.
What are the signs of urinary incontinence in cats?
Urinary incontinence in cats is confirmed through various observations :
- His place of sleeping is wet;
- Traces of urination are found in places unusual;
- The region urogenital is frequently soiled;
- His belly and its paws are wet;
- The animal gives off a strong odour urine;
- He has inflammations or diseases of the skin;
- Inflammation (swelling) is seen on the penis or the vulva.
What are the causes of urinary incontinence in cats?
Urinary incontinence is the symptom different ailments or situations among which we can mention:
- Troubles neurological no longer allowing control of the bladder muscle. Nerve transmission can be altered by various reasons: herniated disc, trauma (spinal, pelvis, tail, pelvis, hip, etc.);
- The old age of the animal (over 10 years) can weaken the tissues which make it possible to control the contraction and the relaxation of the sphincter, then regularly letting a few drops of urine escape;
- Of malformations congenital of the urinary tract (these anatomical abnormalities are usually detected early in the cat’s life);
- Diseases renal, kidney stones in the bladder;
- A inflammation bladder; urinary tract infection;
- The sterilization or castration sometimes generates incontinence due to the suppression of hormones (estrogen or testosterones);
- Pathologies endocrine or hepatic;
- Theobesity can cause sphincter incompetence because overweight increases intra abdominal pressure;
- The diabetes (the diabetic cat drinks a lot and always fills the bladder);
- Diseases such as leukemia or tumor in the bladder.
How to treat an incontinent cat?
If signs of urinary incontinence appear in your cat, it is imperative to consult your veterinary as quickly as possible. The professional will perform urine and blood tests and, if necessary, x-rays, ultrasounds and other examinations helping to detect theorigin urine leakage. Therefore, the treatment to apply will depend on the cause. For example :
- An intervention surgical in case of congenital malformation;
- A prescription ofhormones following castration or sterilization;
- Of antibiotics and other medicines for urinary tract infection;
- A diet specific supplemented if necessary by drugs for obese or diabetic cats;
- A surgery and appropriate care in the presence of a tumor;
- An operation and a change food for kidney stones.
Urinary incontinence: what to do at home
Urinary incontinence is difficult to live with on a daily basis, but there are ways simple to help the cat to recover and improve its health. At first, do not hesitate to discuss with your veterinary who will be able to provide you with information and recommendations. In the meantime, here are some advice to accompany your feline who suffers from chronic incontinence:
- Don’t punish him because urinating out of his litter box is an act uncontrollable for him ;
- Place many litter boxes in your home so that he urinates as soon as he feels the need to;
- Make it easy for himaccess through a low-sided litter box so that it can go in and out without difficulty;
- Make sure that your cat, if he is extra old, does not have to climb up or down stairs to relieve himself;
- Protect delicate places (bed, sofa, carpet, etc.) with materials waterproof or plastics;
- Clean the coat of your pet as soon as it gets wet.
An important part of treatment is being … patient ! If your cat’s accidental urination bothers you, you should know that it also does. Calmly sponge up his leaks and help him have the smoothest possible life without stress nor nervousness that could make the situation worse.