Urinary marking in cats: why, when, how?

The cat is a territorial animal. Its territory is made up of very distinct fields that the cat delimits thanks to various instinctive markings among which the famous urinary marking. It’s a natural behavior. But in many situations, cats are able to deposit urine all over the place, including around the house, much to the chagrin of their owners. Let’s take stock of urine marking in cats and see if it is possible to prevent your little feline from marking furniture and carpets with his urine.

Urinary marking in cats: a history of territory

It is from the age of 6 months which the cat begins to mark its territory. To do this, he uses different processes to deposit pheromones or its smell everywhere. The different markings, olfactory and visual, are very important because they reassure the little feline who finds his own scent wherever he is “at home”.

Urinary marking, a subject that interests us here, has nothing to do with urination that allows the animal to empty its bladder and, moreover, it relieves itself in the litter or in the garden and then covers its urine. We can also note that the marking is of two types: one for theinterview zones already well delimited by itself, the other for adopt a new territory that he hasn’t scored yet.

The different fields of action of the cat are:

  • The social field : this is where the little cats meet, communicate with each other, play, but in no case do they fight since this territory belongs to everyone and is therefore not a confrontation zone.
  • The aggression fields : they are more or less numerous and / or vast according to the emotional state of the cat. If a congener crosses the limits of this type of territory, the master of the place starts the fight.
  • The different fields of activity : each “compartmentalisation” is reserved for a very specific activity such as hunting, basking, looking out, disposal (droppings).
  • The isolation fields : the cat marks out an area for washing and another for sleeping, the latter being mainly delimited by scratches, that is to say by visual marking.

The cat is an instinctively very well organized animal! Moreover, all these fields are linked to each other by paths, them too delimited by urine marking.

To mark vertically only serves to deposit a few drops of urine in strategic places by adopting a very particular posture. It stands upright, raises its tail vertically, arches its back, and propels a small, powerful but brief stream of urine on the chosen medium. It can be a tree trunk, a wall, a flowerpot, the front door or a car tire, but also a piece of furniture, a blind … For him it makes no difference, the important thing is that he can delimit what he judges to be Its environment. We can consider that the urine marking is in a way also a sexual marking when the cat is whole. This disappears upon sterilization. A good ear …

Urinary marking in sterilized cats: what are the causes?

In a castrated tomcat, it is possible that urine marking still manifests itself despite this intervention. However, it is not at all bearable to see your cat use its urine to delimit its territory inside the house. However, there is no point scolding him. Better to try to understand the reason because this attitude always has a meaning. If, despite sterilization, the cat rubs its sides and muzzle with insistence on various supports inside the house and marks them vertically with a few jets of urine, there is a problem.

By marking out the dwelling of his masters, he wants reassure because he doesn’t feel at home. This is a frequent behavior in cats as soon as a change occurs in their foster home, and which for them is a real upheaval. Among the many reasons that can explain this urine marking by a sterilized cat, we find for example:

  • The change of furniture,
  • A new distribution of furniture in a room,
  • The moving,
  • The birth of a child,
  • The arrival at the home of a new congener or another pet.

Sometimes, you just need to change the cleaning product to wash the floors, and presto! It’s like he’s the victim of a real deterritorialization : immediately the kitty begins to mark its territory, as if it were a whole new environment that it must at all costs mark so that it feel at home again.

Proof of this is that a cat is a domestic animal which has a great need for stability, and the slightest modification within his universe brings about a stress which can be considerable. Spray pheromones in spray is the best way to reassure his little companion and prevent him from depositing his urine anywhere.

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