To embark on a first vegetable garden, the inexperienced gardener has every interest in selecting the easiest vegetables to grow. This ensures a nice harvest without the hassle, which is pretty darn encouraging. Here are the 10 unmissable vegetables among the most consumed and especially suitable for beginners. Proud of their first attempt and with a little practice, these budding enthusiasts will, of course, quickly become gardening pros.
1 – radish
He likes the sun in chilly regions and partial shade in the South. Between the end of March and the beginning of June, it is sown on the fly directly in place after having dug a furrow only a few centimeters deep because the seeds should not be too buried.
Once covered with a little sieved soil from the garden, we water them in fine rain and we wait for the seedlings to come out of the ground and have formed 3 leaves to keep only one foot every 3 cm. This is called thinning. The beginner in gardening can choose the first year for radish seeds in ribbon that you just have to put in the furrow, which allows you to skip the thinning session.
Regarding watering, so that the radishes do not have a spicy taste, they must be regular but very moderate. You don’t turn your rows of radishes into a swimming lane!
Tip: divide the radish seeds into several batches in order to sow them at staggered periods of a dozen days in order to be able to stagger the harvests. Thus, not all radishes will give at the same time and the little family will be delighted to be able to enjoy them throughout the season. Especially since if you don’t like hollow radishes, you have to harvest them immediately.
2 – the carrot
It’s one of the great vegetables that kids love to grow. The carrot just needs a soil without large stones, light and loose. If you want to improve the soil in the garden, add sand to it to ensure good drainage and make it easier to work.
The growing conditions are the same as for radish: sowing from mid-March until June, thinning, moderate but regular watering especially if it is very hot or in a period of drought, and harvest in July.
Tip: Carrot seeds are so small that it is advisable to mix them with coffee grounds or to sand before sowing them. This way, the seedlings will be less tight and thinning will be easier.
3 – Zucchini
It is one of the invaluable vegetables recommended to novice gardeners who live in a region with a fairly hot climate and where it does not rain 300 days a year. In addition to the sun, she likes soils that are rich in nutrients, light, cool and loose. When planting, the soil in the garden is enriched with a few shovelfuls of compost.
The plants are watered with metronome regularity but not too copiously throughout the culture. When the stems have 5 true leaves, we pinch a first time above the second then, when the fruits start to form, we pinch the stem a second time above the two leaves that follow a small zucchini.
Tip: plant a non-running courgette plant every meter, and a plant every two meters if it is a running variety, but keep in mind that these fruit vegetables take up space in the vegetable garden.
4 – Lettuce
Nothing is easier than growing lettuce and it is a real pleasure to be able to taste freshly picked salads in your own vegetable garden. Lettuce is placed in the shade because it fears the scorching sun and drought elsewhere. This is why it is necessary water it regularly but in moderation. Otherwise, we simply wait for it to be ready to be tasted. It is advisable to stagger the plantings in order to be able to harvest as and when required.
Tip: watch out for slugs that revel in the tender, flavorful leaves of lettuce. Planting fennel in the immediate vicinity of salads is an effective protection against gastropods.
5 – fennel
Ideal in temperate and mild climates, fennel likes to be installed under the sun, in moist, cool, loose and deep soil. It is harvested about 3 months after planting. The only small difficulty is the ridging which must be carried out on about fifteen centimeters. But you have to learn the basics of gardening one day or another. Knowing how to butter your rows of fennels will allow you to grow asparagus, for example, after a few seasons of experience!
Tip: to avoid the rapid rise in seeds of the fennel, it is absolutely necessary towater frequently because he is quite greedy for water… Ask a mulch at the foot limits evaporation and therefore saves time while making savings.
6 – The tomato
Offering cherry tomatoes from the garden as an aperitif is the best. But whether it’s the cherry tomato or other varieties, all of them love to be grown in the sun. Waterings should be very generous But well spaced one another. It is recommended not to grow tomatoes in the same place two years in a row. We therefore learn from the outset to opt for crop rotation.
Tip: install guardians at the foot of each tomato plant helps support the branches that are likely to bend under the weight of the tomatoes. In this way, the fruits will not be in contact with the ground. They will stay clean and are less likely to be damaged. In addition, the harvest will be even more comfortable.
7 – Pepper
This essential summer vegetable is inseparable from the tomato. You buy the plants in buckets in your favorite garden center and then transplant them immediately, in full sun, every 50 cm, in a soil rich in decomposed compost. The soil is compacted and watered copiously. Thereafter, we water regularly, ensuring that the soil is not never dry between two waterings.
Tip: to harvest good large peppers, it is necessary to keep only about ten fruits per plant. That is why experienced gardeners prune the stems at their ends as soon as the number of 8-10 fruits is reached.
8 – Onion
The onion is so essential in the kitchen that it would be a shame not to reserve a small place for it in the vegetable garden, especially as it is very easy to grow. We plant them bulbs in full sun, in March or April, or even a little later if it is still cold, in well-drained soil because they hate to bathe in water. Make sure to space the bulbs 10 or 12 centimeters apart. Depending on the variety chosen, the harvest takes place between May and September.
Tip: The success of the onion is linked to the extreme moderation in terms of watering. Once the bulb has germinated, we only water if it is absolutely essential, which is the case during a long period of drought for example.
9 – cucumber
Perfect for novice gardeners, cucumber can be sown in open ground in late May or early June. Seedlings emerge very quickly, in just 8 days. You just have to offer them good conditions such as a sunny exposure and a soil rich in compost, loose and cool. The cucumber needs regular watering but especially not excessive. Harvesting can begin about 12 weeks after sowing.
Tip: in order not to wet the foliage of cucumbers because this promotes fungal diseases, it is sufficient to carry out the watering with a drip device which deposits the water only at the foot.
10 – green beans
There are many, many varieties. As a rule, the seeds are sown in a ground well warmed by the sun. The lifting is fast. When the seedlings have formed a few leaves, we can block the row by bringing a little soil to the base of the beans to strengthen the rooting. They will withstand possible winds better. The ridging also makes it possible to create a channel between two rows of beans. It is in the latter that we water very abundantly so as to fill it so that the green beans never run out of water.
Tip: it is advisable to add a little compost from time to time at the base of the snap beans and to regularly pick to grow the plants. produce new beans. In this way, we can really multiply the crops.
Some tips for setting up your own little vegetable garden
This is often how we start gardening, just for fun. We plant some great vegetables, then we dare to venture a little more into the technique to taste other products from the garden that we are proud to grow ourselves. It’s really great and in order for everything to go perfectly well you just have to keep in mind the following few notions:
- Choose the perfect location for its vegetable garden: not too exposed to the prevailing winds nor too much in the shade of the large trees which, in addition to depriving the crops of light and heat, risk competing with the vegetables in the garden. To benefit from early harvests, if possible, preference is given to south-west or south-facing exposure.
- Seriously assess the time available for the maintenance of the garden. We can thus better develop our project and set up a program based on a concrete basis.
- Forget the excess : No need to create a vegetable garden that is too large because it can be time consuming and require efforts (physical and financial) that you may not be ready to provide. Experienced gardeners recommend that beginners limit themselves to a first vegetable garden that is not too large, just to get the hang of it. It should simply allow the annual food needs of the family to be met. There are 90 m² for a couple, and between 200 and 220 m² for a family made up of parents and two children. But if it seems too big to begin with, it is better to limit yourself to a smaller area while leaving yourself the possibility of expanding your vegetable garden afterwards.
- Plan a sufficient budget to buy the essential equipment which includes small tools, accessories and motorized or non-motorized equipment.
When buying your first plants or seed packs, you really have to set a limit. 10 different vegetables to manage when you’ve never gardened in your life is probably a lot. The ideal is to stick to 5 or 6 and if possible whose needs are similar in terms of watering and fertilization. This will prevent scattering and mistakes that are quite common among budding gardeners. But by choosing the best vegetables, the novice gardener has every chance of being satisfied with his harvests. He can even do his hand while cultivating potted peppers and tomatoes on the terrace or balcony. Easy, right?