What are the first health exams for a puppy?


During its first year, the puppy must be able to benefit from several consultations with the veterinarian, all of which are fundamental for its future life. Let’s take stock of the periodicity of the first health exams that the puppy absolutely needs, and see what their usefulness is.

8 week old puppy: first consultation

When the puppy at 2 months, it can be adopted by a family as soon as it is weaned. Earlier this is absolutely not recommended. So now is the time to schedule your very first visit to the vet. The animal is examined, its state of health is checked, a certificate is given to the owner as well as a provisional certificate of identification.

The teacher must allow time because this consultation is quite long. He must also have listed all Questions which seems to him essential in order to obtain the answers of the specialist in canine health on various subjects such as food, vaccination, identification, the frequency of outings for the well-being of the doggie, dewormers, essential accessories for the maintenance of the dog , his education, the development of his puppy over time according to his breed …

Some breeders even think about anticipating and are already inquiring about the sterilization of their dog, its benefits for the animal, its cost, its coverage by health insurance, although their little companion is not yet old. to be sterilized.

This first consultation must take place in the best conditions so that the puppy has no fear of returning to his veterinarian. A few treats can help him stay stress free in the waiting room, where he probably won’t be the only little patient waiting his turn. But if its owner is appeased, the puppy is likely to be too.

You should know that everything puppy found must consult the veterinarian even if he appears to be less than 2 months old. Similarly, before any transfer of a puppy this consultation is mandatory.

3-month-old puppy: start of the health prevention plan

It is usually the age of the first vaccine since in the majority of cases the health prevention plan begins when the puppy is 3 months old. A vaccination record is then given to the owner as soon as the animal receives a first vaccine injection during this visit. In this case, the veterinarian draws up a personalized vaccination schedule that the owner of the animal will only have to follow so as not to forget anything. In this way, his little protégé will be perfectly sheltered from numerous serious and contagious diseases as :

All these vaccines are not carried out at the age of 3 months of course and some require 2 boosters at 1 month intervals or a second injection after 21 days. Then vaccination boosts will be essential each year, always according to the personalized vaccination schedule.

It is also the moment to start the pest control digestive system and external parasites or ectoparasites such as ticks and fleas. Also, depending on the breed of the puppy, the veterinarian prescribes the dewormers that best suit the animal.

Obviously a nutritional evaluation is carried out, and the puppy is subjected to a clinical examination. The veterinarian gives a checkup to the owner of the animal.

4 month old puppy:

At 4 months, the puppy receives the second vaccine injection or a vaccination booster as provided for in the schedule set up by the practitioner at the time of the first vaccine. The vet takes advantage of this new visit to make sure everything is fine. He checks the good development of the animal, its weight, stature, teeth, eyes, etc. They give the master the best advice on hygiene care, good habits to adopt to respect the food balance of the doggie, or on the importance of daily physical activity.

Puppy from 6 to 10 months: sterilization to be expected

The animal has grown up and here it is teenager, even according to his race, young adult. We are therefore no longer really in pediatric surveillance, but the fact remains that to crown the end of his first year, the young dog still needs to see the vet because it is a crucial moment in life. for the animal. Indeed, it is between 6 and 10 months that the signs of puberty appear depending on the breed.

The teacher must therefore decide on the future because a decision must be made as to the sterilization of his dog. Note that if it is a bitch, this operation can even be considered between the 5th and the 6th month. It remains to be seen whether the owner wants his animal to have offspring or not. The sterilization of a dog is an important subject that should not be hesitated to discuss with the veterinarian.

Beyond the first year, throughout the dog’s life, it is important to schedule one or two check-ups per year. So a disease can be diagnosed early, which increases the chances of recovery.