Has your cat just given birth to her kittens or do you want to adopt a kitten? In any case, knowing the health examinations and care that should be provided from an early age is important.
A first health examination for the kitten as early as two months
Any good kitten owner, whether a private individual or professional breeder, should see the vet as soon as the kitten’s two months of age have come. Remember that at this age, the kitten is weaned and has acquired all the learning necessary for its proper development.
However, he would still have to stay a month with his mother and siblings so as not to be separated too soon from his surroundings and be perfectly socialized. Unfortunately, this is not always the case and it may be the final owner who is responsible for his first health examination.
This will be the occasion, for the master as for the veterinarian, to:
- Take stock of the kitten’s size, weight, growth, cleanliness, behavior, lifestyle, diet, etc.
- Check the kitten’s health by studying everything that is visible and asking questions of the current owner
- Diagnose any possible redhibitory defect (disease, malformation, etc.) and issue a certificate of good health if necessary
- Perform the kitten’s primary vaccination: feline coryza, typhus or panleukopenia, feline leukosis and finally rabies if the kitten has to leave French territory
- Carry out the identification by the subcutaneous route with an electronic chip and register the kitten at the I-Cad (Identification file of Domestic CArnivores)
- Deliver the first antiparasitic treatments, both external (fleas, ticks), and internal (intestinal worms)
- Give the owner the kitten’s health record
This first visit to the veterinarian is therefore essential, it should not be overlooked and it should not take place after three months. This is among other things the occasion of the vaccine against common cold in cats, which can be transmitted very quickly.
A second health examination after the kitten is 3 months old
The second health examination of the kitten is essential for several reasons. It allows you to perform the following actions:
- Check again the health of the cat and the absence of parasites
- Renew the antiparasitics if they had a monthly frequency
- Perform the vaccine booster in order to be quiet until the following year
- Give the owner a certificate of good health in case of sale or donation of the kitten
- Issue a European passport if the kitten has to leave the territory, whether for sale or simply to go on a trip
This second visit is ideally at 3 months. It should not take place after 4 months and especially be spaced one month apart from the previous one to allow the vaccine booster in good conditions.
A third examination of the kitten at 6 months
From 6 months, the kitten has all the appearance of an adult cat, even if its growth is not fully completed and may take another 6 to 12 months to complete definitively, depending on the breeds and the breed. cat size.
He is now, if all has gone well for him, in his final home. It is time for his masters to have him sterilized, whether it is a male or a female. This painless and non-invasive operation is essential for several reasons:
- Sterilization prevents unwanted litters and helps limit the feline population
- Sterilization prevents the development of embarrassing sexual behavior, such as marking the territory including indoors, untimely meows, the appearance of the first heat, the aggressiveness of the kitten who grows up, runaways and unwanted diseases such as cat AIDS. , etc.
- Spaying does not make the female kitten unhappy, who has no need to know motherhood, despite widespread and mistaken beliefs
Finally, this visit will be an opportunity to take stock of the kitten’s good development, its general state of health and any concerns of its master or mistress.
The next examination of the kitten, except for a veterinary emergency, will take place in 6 months, that is to say for its first birthday. This will be the occasion for the annual follow-up, but also for the vaccine booster. Your kitten is now a cat, a minimum annual routine visit is now required throughout its life.