In recent years, many animals and plants have disappeared from the planet and the disaster is far from over since today, there are 15,000 animal and plant species endangered. Let’s take stock of the animals most in danger today and see what the main causes are.
Species extinction: most endangered animals
It is a real state of emergency which weighs on animals since thousands of species are endangered. This means that each of them has less than 1000 individuals, but for half, we count less than 250 ! All continents are affected by this disaster, and according to the IUCN (National Union for the Conservation of Nature), the threat of extinction concerns, for example, nearly 30% of freshwater crustaceans, 1/3 of sharks and rays, nearly 15% of birds, more than 40% of amphibians or even more than a quarter of mammals. Data that shivers down your spine.
It is impossible here to list the animal species among the most endangered at the present time, here are a few examples:
- The Giant Panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca),
- The Tamaraus (Bubalus mindorensis) passed below the 400 specimens mark,
- The Java Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros sondaicus) of which there are no longer even 100 individuals in the wild,
- The Asian Elephant,
- The Antilles Leptodactyl (Leptodactylus fallax), represented by less than 200 individuals,
- The Great White Shark (Carcharodon carcharias), whose population has decreased by 80% in 15 years,
- The Hairy-nosed Wombat of North Queensland (Lasiorhinus krefftii) also called Northern Hairy-nosed Wombat, with less than 250 specimens currently in the wild.
The bees have been hit hard by this extremely serious extinction crisis, just like the Lynx (Lynx pardinus) – 400 individuals -, the Grizzly (Ursus arctos horribilis), the South African Bush Hare (Bunolagus monticularis) – only half a thousand… Golden toad, Boa, Kakapo are promised the same fate… Let’s take the time to consult the red list of threatened species and established by IUCN. It is constituted for the time of more than 22,400 species, many of them doomed to imminent extinction.
Main factors in the disappearance of animals
TheMan is by far the first responsible of the threat to the animal and plant world. Certainly, the extinction of a species can be normal. This has been the case for the countless dinosaurs that have populated the planet, for example. But today, some specialists speak of ” Sixth mass extinction », And the situation is no longer natural. The main threats that weigh on animals (as on plants, for that matter) are accelerating and are mainly due tohuman activity. Thus, we can question:
- Illegal hunting,
- The trade, export and captivity of wild species,
- Shameful use of pesticides,
- Excessive urbanization leading to anarchic development of urban areas,
- Destruction of animal habitat,
- Mass tourism,
- Climate change,
- The invasion of species foreign to a geographical area,
- And many other causes …
Many reserves have been created to protect endangered animals, as well as natural parks and zoos too. Thus placed under high protection, many of these endangered animals can even reproduce.
But that will not be enough to save all the species targeted by the imminent threat of extinction if we do not take any action. effort, and this is also understood on an individual basis. We must stick together and change our behavior in order to preserve biodiversity because in 2050, the rate of extinction due to human activity will be nearly 120 times higher than the rate of natural extinction. With such dizzying speed, what will be left on the planet at the end of the 21st century?