Lack of activity, industrial food, even overeating are all causes favoring obesity in cats and increasing the risks of serious pathologies for their health. Thus, it is essential to take measures aimed at making him losing weight, starting with the implementation of a diet adapted to his situation. Our advices.
Obese cat: what are the consequences?
Overweight in cats can lead to the onset or aggravation of health problems such as:
- The diabetes sweet;
- Osteo-articular disorders;
- Cardio-vascular disorders;
- Difficulties respiratory such as dyspnea (shortness of breath);
- Urinary tract infections (the cat having trouble moving towards its litter box retains more);
- Of dermatosis (an obese cat tends to wash less);
- Hepatic lipidosis;
- The decrease in sound life expectancy.
Is your cat really obese?
First, you will need to determine if your pet is really suffering from obesity. A cat is considered obese when its weight exceeds 30% the ideal weight of his race. To verify this, a palpation is essential: place your hands on either side of his chest. If you can feel his ribs without needing to press, your cat is not overweight. Conversely, if you can not feel his spine or his ribs, that you notice the presence of a pocket of fat in the lower abdomen and its size is hardly visible, then your pet is probably obese.
Ask your vet first
It is better not to wait for the onset of obesity to react. Therefore, be sure to anticipate factors likely to cause weight gain to ensure a long life for your pet. Before changing the diet of your obese cat, it is recommended that you seek advice from your veterinarian. Only a professional will know how to verify the presence or not of a disease underlying and precisely determine the needs of your hairball. In addition, some advanced cases of obesity require treatment. medical. An improvised diet could prove to be incompatible with a pathology and produce deficiencies. As the cat’s body is fragile, a sudden decrease in the calories ingested sometimes leads to hepatic lipidosis (when there is no more source of energy available, the body begins to metabolize fatty tissues which accumulate in the liver and cause its degeneration). In fact, all diets must be validated by the veterinarian based on the cat’s health, age and physiological state (sterilization).
A diet adapted to your cat’s obesity
An obese cat must imperatively lose weight by means of a specific diet:
- A low calorie composition. If kibble is your cat’s staple food, keep this type of food but prefer to serve low-energy kibble (light). A low-fat diet should be low in calories (less fat and carbohydrates) while containing all of the nutrients essential for the good health of the cat: vitamins, minerals and proteins;
- High fiber content. In your food selection, opt for dietetic kibbles rich in fiber that increase the feeling of fullness and banish low-end brands. The products sold by veterinarians or in specialized stores are more expensive but their premium quality has a strong satiating power;
- An addition of water. One way to make your cat fuller faster is to moisten their ration before serving. The kibbles will thus increase in volume and water content (beneficial for the kidneys of the animal). Another solution aims to mix them with vegetables – like zucchini – which your companion is fond of. For an obese cat who does not like to drink, your veterinarian may advise you to gradually switch from a dry diet to a diet wet ;
- Removal of extras. It is imperative to stop the intake of sweets. No longer make your cat lick the bottoms of yogurt pots and other table scraps that promote weight gain.
Diet change: the basic rules
Fight against obesity in your cat by reducing and modifying brutal of its food is harmful to its health. Our recommendations :
- Rationing. If you reduce your pet’s rations, the lack of gastric distension may make him hungry and generate stress resulting in unwanted meowing or aggression. The cat is a nibbler who enjoys eating a few kibbles up to fifteen times a day. If you got used to it self-service, respect their needs for a while. Gradually, remove the bowl intermittently and reduce the frequencies until reaching the reasonable ration, or small ingestions of 3 or 4 times a day. The amount of food should be fixed according to the healthy weight at get (seen with the vet) and not the current one. The ration tables indicated on the packaging will help you to dose correctly.
- The transition. Under no circumstances should your cat’s diet (content and rationing) be disrupted overnight. Not only does he risk rejecting food, but he could suffer serious health problems from losing weight too quickly (hepatic lipidosis). When changing the power supply, respect a current transition on two weeks during which you will mix the new kibbles with the old ones then gradually increase the portion of new food.
Increase your cat’s physical activity
Along with a healthy diet, weight loss should be accomplished with the help ofexercises adapted physical. Get your animal moving, provide him with a cat tree and other sources of amusement (ball, circuit with balls, fishing rod, feather duster…). The store also offers toys distributors adjustable rate kibbles that entertain felines while fighting against their sedentary lifestyle (you will then have to subtract the amount from your daily ration). Your cat will also be delighted to play with you every day (plan for twenty minutes of hunting, running, etc.) Before increasing the frequency of your cat’s activity, seek the advice of your veterinarian when you consult him to put in place diet.