To ensure your kitten all the guarantees of perfect development, it is essential to give it an appropriate diet when it is no longer breastfed by its mother. The task becomes more difficult when the tiny cat is deprived of its mother even before having been weaned. It is in any case a very important stage in the life of the kitty which deserves special attention from its master.
At what age does a kitten’s growth end?
A cat’s growth ends at different ages depending on its breed. She usually stops between 9 and 12 months for the majority of them, with the exception of cats of large breeds since this period can last until the age of 18 or 20 months. This is for example the case of the Maine Coon, certain Persians or even the Norwegian forest cat which is called the Norwegian. Thus, as long as the growth of the young feline is not completely completed, it is essential to give it specific food.
Kitten found or abandoned by its mother: how to feed it?
It sometimes happens that very young kittens get lost and are taken in or just the mother rejects. It is necessary to pay great attention to his food, because in these conditions the kitten is extremely vulnerable. He is exposed to all kinds of bacteria as well as digestive disorders.
We forget the cow’s milk as well as the breast milk bought in pharmacies and that we give to our children. However, as long as he has not reached the age of 4 weeks, it is essential to be able to provide him with a infant formula for kittens, at the rate of 4, 5 or 6 bottles per 24-hour period. The bottles must be equipped with a specific teat and the whole must be sterilized before each feeding. This milk has the following characteristics:
- Contains very easy to digest proteins,
- Perfectly tolerated,
- Complete food enriched with trace elements and vitamins which prevents deficiencies,
- Well provided in essential fatty acids perfectly assimilable by the body of the kitten.
In order to adopt the right frequency of meals and give him the necessary doses of milk, a short trip to the vet is essential. He will be able to determine the young twink’s own needs, auscultate him and possibly establish a first small check-up.
The veterinarian’s office is the ideal place to learn how to feed your kitten and compensate for as best as possibleabsence of mother, but also to learn about the best way to educate him about cleanliness. For information, it should be washed every day with a damp and soft towel, then spend most of its time in the warmth. It is only at 12 weeks that he can learn to use a litter box.
Once weaned, it can be fed like any other kitten that was lucky enough to be breastfed by its mother during its first weeks of life.
What food to give to a weaned kitten?
At the time of weaning, the kitten gradually switches to solid food. This transition must be successful. He can receive terrine and / or croquettes (some are wet) provided that these foods are suitable for his age and of high quality. In addition to always leaving a cup of fresh water, the recommended food portions are:
- From 2 to 4 months, 20 g of kibble and 100 to 150 g of wet food in sachet per day in several portions,
- From 4 months, 30 g per day of croquettes and 200 g of freshness sachets or growth pâté (i.e. two portions of 100 g),
- From the age of 10 months (except large breeds) it can receive food for adult cats.
As with choosing our own food products, it is prudent to read labels before purchasing food for your growing kitten. What will remain valid thereafter besides.
We therefore give preference to “Premium” foods with a pleasant smell, rich in meat and good fats (the latter are essential for its growth) but low in trans fat and crushed carcasses, even if it means paying a little more for them. expensive. The “Health” ranges are also recommended.
Beware of starch, cereals, certain proteins and even lactose because the kitten may be allergic to them. And no question of giving him the leftovers of family meals because many foods for humans are prohibited for cats.
Ideally, we do not settle for just one type of food. Better to mix dry and wet foods to protect the teeth and digestive organs of your little feline. We call it the mixed-feeding that we can translate by binutrition. This does not prevent him from leaving a handful of kibble available.
You must not leave too much food available for your kitten. Veterinarians advise aiming for two rations per day, which helps limit the risk of obesity. Feeding your kitten well throughout its growth gives it the opportunity to grow harmoniously and live in good health. This therefore implies taking into account his daily activity.