Contrary to popular belief, a breed of cat is not necessarily the result of human selection. A cat breed can also be natural. Tempted by acquiring a purebred cat, you may be worried about your wallet. We take stock of the price that a purebred cat can be worth.
Definition of purebred cat
A purebred cat is a cat that has a pedigree, that is, a list of clearly identified ancestors. This pedigree is an official document issued by specialized organizations.
Unlike dogs, there is no single feline federation that would have authority throughout the world or even at the level of Europe alone. Cat associations are numerous, creating a patchwork of structures whose areas of influence overlap.
In France, a purebred cat is a cat that has an identification in the LOOF, the official book of feline origins. This is the breeding register of purebred cats born in France, managed by a federation ad hoc, recognized since 1996 by the Ministry of Agriculture.
If this structure is valid for France, there are others whose scope is more international. Among the most important associations, we can mention:
- The Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA) created in the United States in 1906 and whose mission is to promote and preserve the breeds of cats as well as to make them known to the general public. She keeps a breed register with family trees that can go back up to six generations.
- The International Cat Association (TICA), created in 1979 in the United States.
- The World Cat Federation (WCF), a world federation founded in Rio de Janeiro in 1988 and headquartered in Germany. One of its missions is to work on the development of animal protection laws at the European Parliament in Strasbourg.
- The Fédération Internationale Féline (FIFe), existing under this name since 1972, after having first been the Fédération Internationale Féline d’Europe (FIFE), a structure created in 1949 at the initiative of the Frenchwoman Marguerite Ravel.
Surprisingly, these associations do not recognize the same number of breed standards.
The price varies according to the breed
You might have guessed it, the price of a cat depends on its breed and pedigree. More precisely, the price varies according to the laws of the market: the rarer a product and the more sought after, the more expensive it is.
The Siamese is one of the most famous cat breeds: its price is therefore quite affordable. The price range for a cat like the Ragdoll depends on the rarity of its coat. The Savannah is expensive because it is a fairly recent breed and therefore still not very widespread.
Many breeders are tired of being called crooks because they sell their cats for too much. This is because the breeding of a purebred cat requires a number of costs. Here are some aspects.
The maintenance of a purebred cat that maintains good health, and therefore does not require special medical intervention, amounts to around € 260 per year. This is the cost to a breeder who may have discounts on food and other products due to the quantities purchased. The cost is higher for an individual.
The breeder can also spend 265 €, not counting the ancillary costs, to have a cat participate in a exposure of modest level. This price explodes for participation in a European level competition.
The breeding of a cat itself is expensive: vet fees and feed costs. Indeed, the latter are doubled for three months because a cat eats twice as much during the last month of gestation, the lactation period and the 15 days following separation from the kittens. This cost is estimated at 600 euros per litter. This amount does not include any costs associated with establishing a genetic map when the breeder wants to ensure the purity of a cat’s breed.
Raising a kitten costs 100 euros until it is three months old.
We must not forget the communication costs necessary to publicize the sale of the kittens: this amounts to around 130 euros per litter.
These amounts do not include the working time of those involved in the breeding of cats. This work includes the acquisition of knowledge to achieve selection which makes all the difference between a purebred cat and a cat that has reproduced as it wanted.
How to get a LOOF pedigree?
These are administrative procedures that allow to obtain the LOOF pedigree. Only the breeder can obtain it. He first makes a declaration of breeding and birth. It is a document, signed by the owner of the female and by that of the stallion, which must be produced within 2 months of the birth of the kittens.
You must then make a request for a pedigree within 6 months of the birth of the kittens; these must first be identified, either by an electronic chip or by a transponder. A confirmation exam performed by a judge aims to verify that the cat does not have defaults eliminatory both in terms of character, morphology, or color of hair, eyes, etc.
The overall cost of the process is 35 euros per kitten.
The price to chip a cat varies from 45 to 70 euros.
The most expensive cat breeds in the world
The Ashera is a cat created by the American company Lifestyle Pets in 2005, a company known for its fraudulent actions and which no longer exists today. It’s a hybrid whose origin is a bit mysterious, but certainly crafted from a wild cat breed, like the Savannah. It is considered the largest cat in the world, reaching up to four feet in length. It is all the more rare that individuals are sterile. Its price varies around 20,000 to 30,000 euros, and can exceptionally reach 100,000 euros. But beware of fraud! Because the Savannah, cat resulting from the cross between a serval and a domestic cat, can pass for an Ashera with the neophytes. And it is only worth between 2,000 and 5,000 euros.
In this list, the cat breed that takes third place is another exotic cat: it is the Bengal, resulting from the cross between a domestic black cat and an Asian leopard cat.
The favorite cat breeds of the French
The Maine Coon is, along with the Savannah, one of the largest cat breeds. It comes first among the favorite cat breeds of the French. Its price varies between 450 and 1,700 euros, and its maintenance between 300 and 600 euros.
The Sacred of Burma and Bengal come in second and third positions respectively. The price of the Sacred of Burma varies between 400 and 1,400 euros and its maintenance between 600 and 800 euros. As for the Bengal, its price ranges between 1,000 and 3,000 euros for a maintenance cost similar to the previous one.