Winter has passed and spring is back. However, with the return of mildness and good weather, gardeners must get back to work. Indeed, spring is an important season for the vegetable garden since it is time to prepare the soil and carry out its first plantings. Let’s take stock of what to do in the vegetable garden in spring.
In the spring, we prepare the land
As soon as your soil is no longer covered with water, it is time to prepare it for future plantings after the harshness of winter. If you have mulched your soil in winter, maintenance will be easier since you will have little or no weeding. However, clean the floor, remove roots, weeds and all plant waste that makes the space ugly. Store them in your compost for later.
Also take the time to thoroughly clean perennial crops. In fact, some plants, including strawberries, raspberries and rhubarb are starting again at the end of February. Remove old leaves to allow young people to grow without difficulty and mulch the ground all around.
It is then time to prepare your soil and loosen it to promote the planting and growth of your seedlings. Decompact the soil well with a spade, a grelinette or a fork if the surface is small. Your soil will then be more aerated and warmer to accommodate your seeds and plants. You can deposit a little sand on the surface, especially if your soil is clay and compact; this will help your vegetables to take root and develop properly.
Finally, mulch the cleaned areas well to keep them clean, to nourish the soil, to constitute a favorable ground for the reception of insects and micro-organisms useful for your plantations and to preserve the humidity of the soil with the first heat.
In spring, we prepare our future plantings… by planting!
To have good harvests when the time comes, it is important to help nature… with nature. Indeed, everything fits together and functions in concert, on condition of knowing how to orchestrate all these small people. To promote the good growth of your plantations, attract pollinating insects and to do this, plant honey plants. They are pretty and flowery, which nicely decorates the vegetable garden, and they quickly bring in bees, ladybugs, gendarmes and other useful insects which will be real allies for your garden.
Do not hesitate to plan the plants to associate with future plantings that you want to do this year. Nature helps and supports each other through good associations. So think about plants adapted to the practice of companionship. Aromatic plants repel unwanted insects, basil protects tomatoes, sage protects cabbages, calendula repels rodents and beetles, nasturtiums repels aphids, garlic repels ants, etc. You can see that everything helps each other perfectly naturally.
Think about it! You will be able to decorate your vegetable garden with useful, pleasant and decorative plantings, and you will at the same time avoid the use of repellents! As a result, you will reduce your effort and the time spent on these struggles. It would be a shame not to take advantage of it!
In the spring, we start our first sowing
From April, you can plant a few vegetables that don’t mind the cold, such as radishes, carrots, salsify, summer spinach and peas. Wait until May, for the earth to warm up, to plant your leeks and salads.
On the other hand, you can prepare some seedlings and keep them under cover before they are planted in late spring. This is the case of zucchini and other squash, eggplants, cucumbers, peppers, tomatoes and turnips. A small greenhouse or frame is ideal for these plantings.
Your vegetable garden is ready! You just need to take care of its maintenance before you can harvest your first vegetables.