In winter, it is not really the time to plant anything in your vegetable garden, because the cold, frost, rain and wind are not conducive to working the soil or to the development of plants, with some exceptions. . However, this does not mean that nothing should be done during this cold season; on the contrary, it is the right time to protect the earth and clean it up. Let’s take stock of the actions to take in winter.
In winter, we clean the vegetable garden
Winter is a good time to clean the soil and prepare it for the next plantings, provided you do it early, before the frosts which make the soil very hard and difficult to work.
To do this, it is necessary to remove the last vegetable plants in place. You can pull them out of the ground or simply cut them low to the ground, the roots will rot on their own and provide a beneficial dose of nitrogen. The cuts can be saved for composting if they are sound.
In winter, we feed the soil
Winter is the ideal time to nourish your soil in order to nourish your future plantings. To do this, put in your homemade compost or manure if you do not make it or if you run out of it. Manure can come in broken down form or in dehydrated granular form, at your convenience.
Allow about 2 to 3 kilos of natural food per square meter and spread the compost or manure well on the ground. Scratch the surface of the earth quickly, do not bother to bury it, because this natural food will feed the beneficial insects and the micro-organisms favorable to your soil. By feeding, they will help feed your soil, fertilize it and aerate it so as to prepare it well for your future plantings.
In winter, we mulch the ground
Once your soil is well fed with compost and / or manure, it’s time to mulch it. Mulching is indeed necessary to protect it from cold, frost, wind and incessant rain, but also to nourish and fertilize it. Mulching can consist of organic, mineral, textile or plastic mulches.
Be generous by mulching your soil to a thickness of 5 to 7 cm and maintain it throughout the winter so that it maintains its height. Mulching is excellent for creating a climate conducive to the development and work of living organisms in the soil. It warms your plants and protects them from frost.
To make your mulch, you can use lawn clippings, dead leaves, healthy vegetable garden residues, straw, crushed wood, pine bark, as well as pieces of brown cardboard, textile canvas, etc.
Remember to lightly water your soil before mulching if it is dry, and after depositing the mulch. On the other hand, never mulch the ground when it is already frozen. Take the lead.
In winter, we prepare our seedlings
Some plantings can be carried out as early as winter if the ground is not frozen and if the climate remains relatively mild. This is the case with tarragon, spring onion, shallot or even salsify.
Do not hesitate to cover them with mulch to protect them from the cold, as well as any plantings that you may wish to leave in place.