Thanks to a vaccine, the dog’s body develops antibody against a specific disease. In this way, the animal is protected. On a large scale, vaccination makes it possible to eradicate diseases in the canine population, but in cases of zoonoses, that is to say diseases that dogs transmit to humans, it is also humans who are protected. It is therefore understood that, even if it is only obligatory in certain specific situations, dog vaccination is fundamental. Each owner should therefore know when his dog should receive a vaccine as well as the strongly recommended booster shots. Let’s do a check in.
Frequency of vaccination in dogs
If you want your dog to live as long as possible while being protected against the diseases commonly contracted by canines, and which are well known for their severity, it is essential to get him vaccinated as soon as possible.
Most vaccines are inoculated during the first year of life, some require multiple injections a few weeks apart. But they don’t protect indefinitely. This is the reason why the dog should receive booster shots. The master can ask the veterinarian to send him the vaccination schedule established specifically for his dog. Thus, he has no risk of forgetting these famous reminders.
The vaccine protocols have evolved somewhat in recent years thanks to scientific research. Today, dogs are vaccinated less frequently while fully protecting them against the main diseases. Here is how often it is necessary to have your dog vaccinated and when the animal should receive a vaccination booster to benefit from optimal protection.
Vaccination against distemper, hepatitis and parvovirus
This vaccination is recommended for puppies according to the following schedule:
- At the age of 8 weeks against distemper,
- At 12 weeks against Rubarth’s hepatitis,
- At 16 weeks against parvovirus.
But for the animal to be perfectly protected against these three major diseases, it must subsequently receive booster shots, namely: the first at 12 months then a booster every three years.
Rabies is another major disease that should be vaccinated against when the dog is 12 weeks and 1 day old and then the animal receives its first rabies vaccine booster at 12 months of age. Depending on the vaccine used, other booster shots are done either every year or every 3 years.
Kennel Cough Vaccine
Highly recommended for dogs living in a community, this vaccine is inoculated into the puppy aged 4 to 6 weeks and then, 21 days later, the animal receives a second injection. It is strongly advised to ensure that the dog then benefits from a vaccination booster each year.
Note that there is another way to vaccinate your dog against kennel cough, intranasal vaccination. It has the advantage of requiring only one dose during the first year. Thereafter, an annual reminder is recommended.
It is best to wait until the dog is at least 6 months old to get vaccinated against this disease. He receives a second dose between 15 days and 1 month later, then an annual vaccination booster.
Lyme disease vaccine
The dog’s vaccination conditions against this disease are the same as for piroplasmosis, namely: the first vaccine at the age of at least 6 months, a second injection 2 to 4 weeks later and finally a booster every year.
The puppy receives a primary vaccination at 12 weeks. At this age he is no longer protected by his mother’s antibodies since he is weaned. The vaccination booster should be done 21 to 28 days later. Thereafter, an annual reminder is necessary.
Some people do not want their dog to be vaccinated since it is not compulsory. However, it is a simple and safe means that remains useful even against diseases that have become rare in our territory, such as rabies. It is indeed systematic vaccination that we owe its eradication. Continuing to have your dog vaccinated while ensuring that he receives all the vaccine boosters is therefore fundamental to avoid any risk of the spread of many diseases.