All dogs bite, regardless of their size or breed, considers ANSES. Each year in France, thousands of bites are observed, they are linked to different factors related to the animal and the person.
All dogs bite regardless of size or breed
It is often said of dogs that the smaller they are, the more they bark. While there are differences between the breeds of canines, they also have some things in common: they bite. Admittedly, their bites are not necessarily so dangerous and vary according to the size of their jaw, but one thing is certain, according to a report from the National Agency for Food, Environment and Occupational Safety (Anses) , published on Monday 8 February 2021: ” No scientific study has indeed demonstrated a higher risk of bite by dogs of categories 1 and 2 called “dangerous” “.
In other words, we can just as well be bitten by a chihuahua or a pit bull, the risk of bite is the same. It would not be related to the breed of the dog but to other factors: temperament, reproductive status (castrated animal or not), sex (males are more aggressive than females), age (adult dogs from 1 to 7 years old being more at risk than young dogs), living conditions, education, etc. .
According to ANSES, the dangerousness of a dog must be assessed individually. As you have just read, it depends on factors related to the dog but not only. The risk of bites is also linked to humans. The most exposed are: young children, professions in frequent contact with dogs – veterinarians or nursing staff, animal keepers, dog handlers or dog trainers. To note that “ the majority of bites by toddlers and adult owners of the dogs involved take place in the private space, while most bites from people unfamiliar with the biting dog occur in the public space “.
Dog bite does not mean injury
Bite does not necessarily mean injury. The report recalls that “ many bites can be without physical consequences: torn clothing, contact with the teeth without injury. Most studies specify that the majority of bites that came to the attention of healthcare professionals were not serious “. However, the assessment is not the same depending on whether the bitten person is part of the dog’s entourage or not. “ While in the group of people not related to the dog, 21% of incidents were classified as “serious” and 2% as “potentially fatal”, these values dropped to 1% and 0% in the group of owners bitten by. their dog “.
When a person is bitten by a dog, two types of infections can be encountered: bacterial inoculation diseases and rabies. In addition to physical sequelae, the subject may also suffer from psychological sequelae. That is why, after a dog bite, it is recommended to disinfect the wound and consult a doctor.