Fall is the perfect time to transplant your repeat strawberry plants. As for the non-flowering varieties, they are planted in the spring. By respecting the gardener’s calendar, we can taste delicious strawberries on sunny days. What could be better than producing your own crops yourself? The strawberry plant is really very easy to grow, in the countryside as in the city, in the garden in the ground, but also on the terrace or the balcony because it likes in pots and in planters. Spotlight on the plantation of Fragaria.
Planting strawberries: when is the best time?
The period of planting strawberries depends on the variety. We must distinguish two types of strawberries, namely:
- The varieties non-rising which produce strawberries in May and June. This is for example the case of the famous Gariguette that we love so much because of its exceptional taste qualities.
- The varieties uplifting which do not start to produce until June or July but production continues until the first frosts. In this category, we find among others the Mara des Bois, the Mount Everest, the Mariguette or the Charlotte.
Flowering of strawberries begins in April for some varieties only.
You can transplant your seedlings from September to November. bare root strawberries or from February to April. As to strawberries in pots, they transplant themselves in place preferably in September but one can without problem wait the beginning of the autumn while avoiding as far as possible to exceed the mid-October. This is important to give each plant time to take root before the first frost. In this way, these strawberries will bear fruit the following year. Latecomers who missed the boat can nevertheless plant their strawberries in the spring as soon as the earth warms up in the sun.
Planting strawberries: method to follow
There is nothing very complicated about plant strawberries. It is simply necessary to install the plants in a well ventilated ground, adapted to their needs and to offer them a sunny exposure. So the strawberry plant likes to be installed in soil:
- Without stones,
- Without weeds,
- Rich in organic manure,
He doesn’t really like limestone soil. It is therefore essential, if this is the case, to enrich the soil with peat.
here are the two distinct planting methods, depending on whether you want to grow your strawberries in the ground or in pots or planters.
For a planting strawberries in the ground, it is necessary :
- Butter the earth to a height of 20 cm and a width of 60 cm,
- Separate the rows by 60 cm,
- Install a black plastic film mulching and pierce it every 40 cm or lay a natural mulch such as cocoa pods, a carpet of dead leaves or straw, in order to:
- limit the development of weeds,
- keep the heat,
- avoid evaporation during hot weather.
- Use a dibble to make one hole per plant in the soil, the width of which must be equal to that of the roots,
- Place the strawberry plants in the holes,
- Recap each hole without burying the collar which must remain at ground level,
- Pack the earth,
For the planting potted strawberries, the method is as follows:
- Choose a container with a pierced bottom 25 to 30 cm deep,
- Place 3 to 4 cm of gravel at the bottom of the pot or planter in order to promote drainage because the roots of the strawberry plant must not bathe in water,
- Cover the gravel with a mixture of 50% planting soil for strawberries and 50% good garden soil,
- Place the plants in place by spacing them 15 to 20 cm apart in a planter or, if you opt for individual pots, by planting only one foot per container,
Two contributions fromfertilizer are essential thereafter: one at the end of March or the beginning of April, and another in summer at the end of the first harvest. We must also think about training the fruiting runners for climbing strawberries and to remove them as they appear for other varieties since they do not give strawberries. No need therefore for them to exhaust their feet for nothing. Finally, after the last harvest of the year, it is necessary to remove all the withered leaves. As for watering, it should be moderate and this is even more important in winter because excess water causes root rot.