Dried flowers have never been so fashionable as they are today. They make it possible to create sumptuous dry bouquets, which last from a few months to one or two years, and no longer evoke the famous dust collectors of yesteryear, quite the contrary. They fascinate all generations and are essential in floristry. So let’s find out together which plants to grow to make bouquets of dried flowers to bring a natural touch to all the rooms of the house and also see how to indulge in this art.
The ideal flowers for the art of dry bouquets
Although all flowers can be dried, some are more suitable than others for making dry bouquets. There is therefore no need to worry because the perfectly adapted species and varieties are extremely numerous and allow to obtain a breathtaking result.
From stars par excellence of the dry bouquet, are hoisted:
- THE’Immortelle with bracts (Helichrysum bracteatum), from the family of Asteraceae. It comes in an extremely rich palette of colors, from pastel pink to purplish red, including white, orange, salmon and yellow.
- The ornamental grasses, from the family of Poaceae, are fabulous in dry bouquets whether very large or small. In this category we know of course:
- the famous feathered reed which is none other than thePampas grass,
- ears of wheat,
- the hare tail,
- Amurette …
- Lavender (Lavandula), sublime and fragrant,
- the Gypsophila (Gypsophila), from the family of Caryophyllaceae, brings a very airy note to a floral composition and enhances all the dried flowers that accompany it.
- The cotton flower in tree (Gossypium arboreum) or “Mexican cotton” (Gossypium hirsutum), Of the nicest effect. It is used alone or in composition.
- the Blue thistle (Eryngium alpinum), almost essential because it can be kept for a very long time,
- the Lark’s foot, of the kind Delphinium and the family of Renunculaceae, majestic with its flower stems 100 to 200 cm high depending on the species.
- THE’Alkekenge (Physalis alkekengi), from the family of Solanaceae, better known as the Lantern. Note that there are different species of Physalis that lend themselves well to the preparation of dry bouquets, which is among others the case of Amur in a cage (Physalis peruviana).
Also suitable for this art are the Ranunculus, the Peony, the Rose, the Nasturtium, the Echinops, the Astilbe, the ornamental capsules of Poppy, the statices or even the annual Lunar (Monnaie-du-Pape) which is arguably one of the easiest flowers to dry out.
When to harvest the flowers to dry?
It is very important to choose the right time to pick the flowers for thedry bouquet art, namely at the end of the morning, quite simply because the dew has had time to evaporate completely under the effect of the sun’s rays, even during the afternoon. We understand that the picking should never take place if it is raining or just after a shower! It is absolutely essential for their future conservation.
Some flowers are picked before their full development (Ranunculus, Lavender, Peony), even when they are still button (Pink). Others must be picked at the very end of flowering as is the case with the Hydrangea flower. The ears of wheat are picked green, that is to say, not yet ripe or on the contrary when ripe when they are blond, depending on the desired decorative effect.
After three to four weeks drying time maximum in the half-light of a well ventilated attic or a dry ventilated cellar, tied up by species then hanging upside down, flowers can be used. All that remains is to let your creativity express itself to create unique bouquets, plant frames or even a magnificent herbarium … very original gift ideas.
Flowers declined in pastel colors stay true to their tone over time. Some colors can fade more quickly as is the case with deep red, but nothing prevents red flowers from drying out of course because their charm is undeniable even when they are a little “past”.
So it only remains sow or plant their favorite species and wisely wait for the best time to pick them in order to decorate the house or create a bridal bouquet, while still opting for plants that have natural drying ability. To make things easier, many home gardeners buy specially prepared packets of seeds from garden centers so that neophytes can easily grow a profusion of flowers to dry.