Wild garlic: planting, growing, caring for and harvesting

Wild garlic (Allium urisinum) is a herbaceous plant of the family Liliaceae. It is also called wild garlic or wild garlic. Used in cooking, this aromatic has also been renowned since the dawn of time for its many health benefits. Growing wild garlic in the garden does not present any particular difficulty, especially since it is resistant to cold and disease. Best of all, all of its parts are edible.

Growing wild garlic in the garden

Hardy, wild garlic can withstand down to -15 ° C. It can be installed in the garden, in a shady corner. This savage likes cool soils, neutral pH, fairly humus and acclimatizes perfectly in heavy soil.

Wild garlic is finally not very demanding. It must be said that it grows spontaneously in ditches that retain humidity, in the undergrowth or at the edge of waterways and forms deep green carpets, punctuated by pretty starry white flowers grouped together in elegant umbels. . It is recognizable by its spicy scent. The ideal way to cultivate it is to offer it the same conditions of freshness as those it finds in the wild.

Plant wild garlic

We can buy seedlings in pots to be planted directly in the garden in autumn or spring, or bulbils which must be placed in the ground during the fall and then covered with 6 cm of soil. It is also possible to collect in nature wild garlic seeds to be sown from July and until March. Sowing is done directly in place. It is necessary to space the garlic plants of the bears about fifteen centimeters.

Be careful not to plant too many feet because this plant becomes intrusive after a few years since she likes her environment. Likewise, it should be absolutely avoided to plant it near beans, peas and other legumes.

Wild garlic, an undemanding aromatic plant

No care is necessary when cultivating wild garlic under conditions similar to those offered by its natural environment, namely in the shade, in the freshness and in a moist and very fertile soil.

At most, care should be taken to protect it with an anti-insect veil with a mesh width of 850 µ so that it is not attacked by the leek leafminer (Phytomyza gymnostoma). It rages between April and June then between August and November. There is currently no cure for this insect. Apart from this fly, wild garlic is not susceptible to any other insect or any particular disease.

Harvest wild garlic

It is the flowers and leaves of wild garlic that are of the greatest taste interest, but all parts of the plant are consumed, whether above ground or above ground. Regarding the harvest of leaves, it is done as needed. However, it is best to pick them before the flowers appear.

When wild garlic has developed well and it form a mat, the harvest is more abundant. We can therefore prepare a pesto in order to prolong its conservation. But it is also possible to chop it as soon as it is picked and then freeze it by distributing the portions in ice cube trays for example.

Wild garlic bulbs stay in the ground year after year. It is not necessary to dig them up to store them safely. Thus, this deciduous perennial disappears before summer to reappear in March and can quickly reach around fifty centimeters in height.